Food consumption and production in the Netherlands is associated with several sustainability problems. The Monitor Progress on Sustainable Food Chains (MVVV) identified the main sustainability issues (‘hotspots’) for the domain ‘animal protein and fish’. Based on public data, it was determined to what extent progress has been made on these hotspots and their related objectives in the past 5 to 10 years. Hotspots such as ‘the environmental impact of the cultivation of animal feed’ and ‘use of antibiotics in livestock’ have reached their sustainability goals in the last years. Hotspots that have seen little progress and/or have some areas of improvement are anti-fouling problems in fisheries, animal welfare, air quality, energy use, health, safety and welfare of employees, enteric methane emissions and manure management.