Molecular survey and genetic diversity of hemoplasmas in rodents from Chile

Amir Salvador Alabí, Gustavo Monti, Carola Otth, Paulina Sepulveda-García, Melissa Sánchez-Hidalgo, Victória Valente Califre de Mello, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Marcos Rogério André, Pedro Bittencourt, Ananda Müller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Even though hemotrophic mycoplasma (hemoplasma) infections are well documented in a wide variety of hosts worldwide, there is a gap in the knowledge aobut hemoplasmas in rodents. This study aimed to molecularly survey and investigate the genetic diversity of hemoplasmas in rodents from Chile. Synanthropic and wild rodents (n = 74) were captured in the southern province of Valdivia (Corral, Valdivia, Riñihue, and Reumén localities). Spleen samples were submitted to a conventional PCR for hemotrophic Mycoplasma spp. targeting the 16S rRNA gene (800 bp), followed by sequencing, phylogenetic, and genetic diversity analyses. The overall occurrence of hemotrophic mycoplasmas in rodents from Valdivia was 24.5% (18/74) [95% CI (14.5; 34.1)]. Hemoplasmas were detected in Mus musculus (1/4), Rattus norvegicus (1/16), Abrothrix longipilis (7/13), A. olivaceo (6/8), and Oligoryzomys longicaudatus (3/10). The nucleotide polymorphism analysis of the targeted 16S rRNA region showed low diversity, with two genotypes and a high identity to the variants detected in wild rodents from Brazil. Hemoplasmas are described for the first time in rodents from Chile with a moderate occurrence and low 16S rDNA genetic diversity within the sampled rodent population. The detected hemoplasma genotypes were specific to rodents and were not shared with other mammals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1493
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • 16S rRNA
  • Hemotrophic mycoplasmas
  • Rodentia
  • South America


Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular survey and genetic diversity of hemoplasmas in rodents from Chile'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this