Molecular cytogenetics of Alstroemeria: identification of parental genomes in interspecific hy brids and characterization of repetitive DNA families in constitutive heterochromatin.

A.G.J. Kuipers, D.P.M. van Os, J.H. de Jong, M.S. Ramanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The genus Alstroemeria consists of diploid(2n=2x=16) species originating mainly from Chile and Brazil. Most cultivars are triploid or tetraploid interspecific hybrids. C-banding of eight species revealed obvious differentiation of constitutive heterochromatin within the genus. The present study focused on the molecular (cyto)genetic background of this differentiation. Genomic slot-blot analysis demonstrated strong conservation of major parts of the genomes among six species. The chromosomes of A. aurea and A. ligtu, species with pronounced interstitial C-bands, were found to contain large amounts of highly repetitive and species-specific DNA. The variation in size,number and intensity of strongly probed bands of major repetitive DNA families observed in genomic Southern blots of Sau3A, HaeIII, and MseI digests indicated a strong correlation between variation in genomic DNA composition and different C-banding patterns among Alstroemeria species. Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH)revealed a clear distinction between parental chromosomes in the hybrids between Chilean and Brazilian species and also between Chilean species, as long as at least one of the parental species possessed prominent C-banding. Regarding the latter, discriminative hybridization resulted from highly repetitive species specific DNA in the heterochromatic chromosome regions of A. aurea and A. ligtu, and caused GISH banding patterns that coincided with the C-banding patterns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
JournalChromosome Research
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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