Modelling water transport and phosphorus eutrophication in an interconnected lake system : a scenario study

H. van Huet

    Research output: Thesisexternal PhD, WU

    Abstract

    <p>The water in the south-western Frisian lake district is highly eutrophicated. Summer chlorophyll-a concentrations often exceed 150 μg.l <sup>-1</SUP>, while total phosphorus (TP) concentrations are mostly above 0.2 mg.l <sup>-1</SUP>. Therefore, a research project was started in 1984 to study the origin and dynamics of phosphorus (P) in the area. The nutrient P was chosen because reducing TP concentrations was believed to result in favourable conditions for restoration of the aquatic ecosystem. The objective of the study was to model the TP dynamics and to use the model for the simulation of management reduction scenarios. In order to achieve this objective, three problems had to be solved. Firstly, information about the water transport, especially in the boundary canals, was poor. This problem was solved by the application of a wind driven water transport model using water levels in the boundary canals. Secondly, the lack of large-scale information about the TP loads from the surrounding polders was solved by an intensive monitoring program. Thirdly, knowledge about the distribution of TP in sediments and about TP exchange processes between water and sediments had to be assessed. The simulations with the dynamic TP mass balance model resulted in TP balances during three periods, showing that there were two main sources in the area: from the surrounding polders and from Lake IJssel. Moreover, management simulation scenarios showed that 75% TP concentration reductions in the external loads would be necessary to achieve the 0. 15 mg.l <sup>-1</SUP>TP concentration standard and incidentally the 0.07 mg.l <sup>-1</SUP>. target concentration.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • van Straten, Gerrit, Promotor
    • Rijnsdorp, J.E., Promotor, External person
    Award date26 Apr 1991
    Place of PublicationS.l.
    Publisher
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Keywords

    • lakes
    • reservoirs
    • ponds
    • water
    • water pollution
    • water quality
    • eutrophication
    • wind
    • stream flow
    • turbulence
    • phosphorus
    • models
    • research
    • phosphates
    • phosphorus pentoxide
    • derivatives
    • hydrology
    • analogues
    • Netherlands
    • friesland

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