Modelling water temperature in TOXSWA

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


A reasonably accurate estimate of the water temperature is necessary for a good description of the degradation of plant protection products in water which is used in the surface water model TOXSWA. Based on a consideration of basic physical processes that describe the influence of weather on the energy balance of natural water bodies, we propose to extend TOXSWA with a 1D bulk approach to estimate water temperature. Evaluation of such a system confirmed that it is physically realistic and yet simple, with limited data requirements. It is expected to perform reasonably well in most conditions, and fits well into the present structure of the TOXSWA model. In particular the estimation of degradation rates in shallow and turbid water will benefit from introducing the proposed system.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
Number of pages60
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1566-7197


  • surface water
  • water temperature
  • water pollution
  • pesticides
  • degradation
  • models
  • aquatic toxicology

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