Modelling the impact of dam removal on geomorphic channel response and sediment delivery: an Austrian case study

R. Poppl, T. Coulthard, S.D. Keesstra, M. Keiler

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Dams are often considered to have the most significant impact on rivers as dam construction generally reduces
downstream sediment fluxes which further involves geomorphic changes in the affected river reaches. Since many
dams no longer fulfill their intended purpose (e.g. due to siltation), are dangerous (e.g. catastrophic dam failures)
and/or are ecologically damaging (e.g. habitat destruction), within the last two decades several dams have been
removed and many more are already proposed for removal. Unfortunately, there is still only little empirical knowledge
about the geomorphic consequences of dam removals and the related sediment release which represents a
big challenge for river management. Modelling is one way to approach this problem. In the presented study we
modelled the impacts of dam removal on geomorphic channel processes, channel morphology and sediment delivery
further considering the role of channel engineering measures and reservoir excavation within a river reach
impacted by a series of dams using the landscape evolution model CAESAR-Lisflood. The model was run with
data from a small catchment located in Lower Austria. Modelled geomorphic channel changes and sediment fluxes
were spatio-temporally analyzed, related to real-world data and are discussed in the context of river management
issues.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberEGU2015-2188,
Number of pages1
JournalGeophysical Research Abstracts
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventEGU General Assembly 2015 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 12 Apr 201517 Apr 2015

Fingerprint

dam removal
dam
river
sediment
modeling
dam failure
channel change
river management
siltation
channel morphology
dam construction
landscape evolution
excavation
catchment
engineering

Cite this

@article{f4136451531843e7a70b79de90943de6,
title = "Modelling the impact of dam removal on geomorphic channel response and sediment delivery: an Austrian case study",
abstract = "Dams are often considered to have the most significant impact on rivers as dam construction generally reducesdownstream sediment fluxes which further involves geomorphic changes in the affected river reaches. Since manydams no longer fulfill their intended purpose (e.g. due to siltation), are dangerous (e.g. catastrophic dam failures)and/or are ecologically damaging (e.g. habitat destruction), within the last two decades several dams have beenremoved and many more are already proposed for removal. Unfortunately, there is still only little empirical knowledgeabout the geomorphic consequences of dam removals and the related sediment release which represents abig challenge for river management. Modelling is one way to approach this problem. In the presented study wemodelled the impacts of dam removal on geomorphic channel processes, channel morphology and sediment deliveryfurther considering the role of channel engineering measures and reservoir excavation within a river reachimpacted by a series of dams using the landscape evolution model CAESAR-Lisflood. The model was run withdata from a small catchment located in Lower Austria. Modelled geomorphic channel changes and sediment fluxeswere spatio-temporally analyzed, related to real-world data and are discussed in the context of river managementissues.",
author = "R. Poppl and T. Coulthard and S.D. Keesstra and M. Keiler",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "Geophysical Research Abstracts",
issn = "1029-7006",

}

Modelling the impact of dam removal on geomorphic channel response and sediment delivery: an Austrian case study. / Poppl, R.; Coulthard, T.; Keesstra, S.D.; Keiler, M.

In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 17, EGU2015-2188, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstractAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling the impact of dam removal on geomorphic channel response and sediment delivery: an Austrian case study

AU - Poppl, R.

AU - Coulthard, T.

AU - Keesstra, S.D.

AU - Keiler, M.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Dams are often considered to have the most significant impact on rivers as dam construction generally reducesdownstream sediment fluxes which further involves geomorphic changes in the affected river reaches. Since manydams no longer fulfill their intended purpose (e.g. due to siltation), are dangerous (e.g. catastrophic dam failures)and/or are ecologically damaging (e.g. habitat destruction), within the last two decades several dams have beenremoved and many more are already proposed for removal. Unfortunately, there is still only little empirical knowledgeabout the geomorphic consequences of dam removals and the related sediment release which represents abig challenge for river management. Modelling is one way to approach this problem. In the presented study wemodelled the impacts of dam removal on geomorphic channel processes, channel morphology and sediment deliveryfurther considering the role of channel engineering measures and reservoir excavation within a river reachimpacted by a series of dams using the landscape evolution model CAESAR-Lisflood. The model was run withdata from a small catchment located in Lower Austria. Modelled geomorphic channel changes and sediment fluxeswere spatio-temporally analyzed, related to real-world data and are discussed in the context of river managementissues.

AB - Dams are often considered to have the most significant impact on rivers as dam construction generally reducesdownstream sediment fluxes which further involves geomorphic changes in the affected river reaches. Since manydams no longer fulfill their intended purpose (e.g. due to siltation), are dangerous (e.g. catastrophic dam failures)and/or are ecologically damaging (e.g. habitat destruction), within the last two decades several dams have beenremoved and many more are already proposed for removal. Unfortunately, there is still only little empirical knowledgeabout the geomorphic consequences of dam removals and the related sediment release which represents abig challenge for river management. Modelling is one way to approach this problem. In the presented study wemodelled the impacts of dam removal on geomorphic channel processes, channel morphology and sediment deliveryfurther considering the role of channel engineering measures and reservoir excavation within a river reachimpacted by a series of dams using the landscape evolution model CAESAR-Lisflood. The model was run withdata from a small catchment located in Lower Austria. Modelled geomorphic channel changes and sediment fluxeswere spatio-temporally analyzed, related to real-world data and are discussed in the context of river managementissues.

M3 - Abstract

VL - 17

JO - Geophysical Research Abstracts

JF - Geophysical Research Abstracts

SN - 1029-7006

M1 - EGU2015-2188,

ER -