Modelling recovery from soil acidification in European forests under climate change

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A simple soil acidification model was applied to evaluate the effects of sulphur and nitrogen emission reductions on the recovery of acidified European forest soils. In addition we included the effects of climate change on soil solution chemistry, by modelling temperature effects on soil chemical processes and including temperature and precipitation effects on nitrogen uptake and on leaching. Model results showed a strong effect of the emission reduction scenarios on soil solution chemistry. Using the Current Legislation (CLE) scenario, the forest area in Europe with soil solution Al/Bc >1 mol mol(-1) (a widely used critical limit) decreased from about 4% in 1990 to about 1.7% in 2050. Under Maximum Feasible Reductions (MFR), the exceeded area will be
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5663-5673
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • air-pollution
  • elevated co2
  • integrated assessment
  • nitrogen deposition
  • acid precipitation
  • chemical status
  • organic-carbon
  • ecosystems
  • impacts
  • temperature


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