Modelling and validation of performance of Listeria monocytogenes wild type and stress resistant variants in simulated food chains

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

The dynamic response of pathogens to environmental changes depends on the behaviour of individual cells within the population. Exposure of L. monocytogenes to different stress conditions has been shown to result in selection of a variety of stable resistant variants. This population diversity allows for growth and survival of the population under a wide range of
environmental conditions with specific fitness and robustness parameters considered a trade-off; a variant may have an advantage under one condition, while this might be a disadvantage under other conditions. Therefore, the types of variants and their relative contributions within the WT population will depend on the environmental conditions encountered by the population. This
study aims to evaluate the effect of environmental conditions on the composition of the L. monocytogenes populations and how dynamic conditions affect the fraction of stress resistant variants within the population. Growth parameters were obtained for WT and a set of eight acid resistant L. monocytogenes variants. A gamma model was used to estimate the growth behaviour under combined mild stress conditions (temperature, water activity and pH). Also a set of inactivation parameters was determined (heat and acid). This set of robustness and fitness parameters of WT and variants was used to model their performance in simulated food chains. Predictions were validated by qPCR in which WT and variant were distinguished from each other by specific primers, designed on an rpsU mutation in the variant. With this method, a variant fraction as low as 10-5 could be identified correctly in a WT population. This study provided more insight in the conditions which can select for variants, which is an important step in control of these stress resistant subpopulations in industrial settings. It also highlights the potential persistence of stress resistant variants in food processing environments and
consequential impact on food safety.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventICPMF9, International Conference on Predictive Modelling in Food, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: 8 Sep 201512 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceICPMF9, International Conference on Predictive Modelling in Food, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
CountryBrazil
CityRio de Janeiro
Period8/09/1512/09/15

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  • Cite this

    Metselaar, K. I., den Besten, H. M. W., Abee, T., & Zwietering, M. H. (2015). Modelling and validation of performance of Listeria monocytogenes wild type and stress resistant variants in simulated food chains. Abstract from ICPMF9, International Conference on Predictive Modelling in Food, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. https://edepot.wur.nl/378256