Modelling anaerobic digestion of concentrated black water and faecal matter in accumulation system

T. Elmitwalli, G. Zeeman, R. Otterpohl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A dynamic mathematical model based on anaerobic digestion model no. 1 (ADM1) was developed for accumulation (AC) system treating concentrated black water and faecal matter at different temperatures. The AC system was investigated for the treatment of waste(water) produced from the following systems: vacuum toilet for black water (VBW), vacuum toilet for faeces with urine separation (VF), dry toilet (DT), dry toilets for faeces with urine separation (DF), separated faecal matter from conventional black water by filter bag (FB). For evaluation of the AC system treating the proposed waste(water) sources at 20 and 35°C, two options were studied: (1) The filling period of the AC system was constant for all waste(water) sources (either 1, 3 or 6 months) and for each period, the seed sludge volume was varied; (2) The volume of the AC system was constant for all proposed waste(water) sources. The results showed that the filling period of the AC system was the main parameter affecting the system performance, followed by operational temperature, while the increase of the seed sludge volume slightly enhanced the performance of the system. The model results indicated that the filling period of the AC system should be higher than 150 days for obtaining a stable performance. It was found that the hydrolysis of biodegradable particulate chemical oxygen demand (COD) is the rate limiting step, as volatile fatty acid concentration is very low in all experimental conditions (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2039-2045
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume63
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • new sanitation
  • waste water treatment
  • anaerobic digestion
  • dynamic models
  • faeces
  • urine
  • households
  • biodegradation
  • decentralized sanitation
  • waste-water
  • grey water
  • urban
  • biodegradability
  • management
  • reuse
  • areas

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