Modelling aggregate exposure to pesticides from dietary and crop spray sources in UK residents

Marc C. Kennedy*, David G. Garthwaite, Waldo J. de Boer, Johannes W. Kruisselbrink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Human exposure to pesticide mixtures can occur from the diet and other sources. Realistic exposure and risk assessments should include multiple sources and compounds and include the relative hazards of the different compounds. The EU-funded Euromix project is developing new web-based tools to facilitate these calculations. A case study is presented that exemplifies their use for a population of UK residents, including exposure from crop-spraying. A UK pesticide usage survey provided information on real pesticide combinations applied to crops of wheat, potatoes, sugar beet and dessert apples. This information was combined with outputs from two alternative simulation models of spray drift to estimate dermal, oral and inhalation exposures of residents. These non-dietary exposures were combined with dietary exposure estimates using the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment software to produce a distribution of aggregated and cumulative exposures. Compounds are weighted by relative potency to generate a measure of overall risk. Uncertainty quantification was also included in the distribution of exposures. These tools are flexible to allow diverse sources of exposure and can provide important information to decision-makers and help to prioritise testing of pesticide mixtures. Including non-dietary sources changed the prioritisation of pesticide mixtures, when compared to dietary exposure alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9892-9907
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume26
Issue number10
Early online date8 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Pesticides
spray
Crops
pesticide
crop
modeling
Risk assessment
Sugar beets
Inhalation Exposure
Beta vulgaris
Malus
Spraying
Nutrition
Solanum tuberosum
Triticum
Uncertainty
Hazards
risk assessment
Software
exposure

Keywords

  • Cumulative assessment group
  • Non-dietary exposure
  • Pesticide usage survey
  • Simulation model
  • Uncertainty

Cite this

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title = "Modelling aggregate exposure to pesticides from dietary and crop spray sources in UK residents",
abstract = "Human exposure to pesticide mixtures can occur from the diet and other sources. Realistic exposure and risk assessments should include multiple sources and compounds and include the relative hazards of the different compounds. The EU-funded Euromix project is developing new web-based tools to facilitate these calculations. A case study is presented that exemplifies their use for a population of UK residents, including exposure from crop-spraying. A UK pesticide usage survey provided information on real pesticide combinations applied to crops of wheat, potatoes, sugar beet and dessert apples. This information was combined with outputs from two alternative simulation models of spray drift to estimate dermal, oral and inhalation exposures of residents. These non-dietary exposures were combined with dietary exposure estimates using the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment software to produce a distribution of aggregated and cumulative exposures. Compounds are weighted by relative potency to generate a measure of overall risk. Uncertainty quantification was also included in the distribution of exposures. These tools are flexible to allow diverse sources of exposure and can provide important information to decision-makers and help to prioritise testing of pesticide mixtures. Including non-dietary sources changed the prioritisation of pesticide mixtures, when compared to dietary exposure alone.",
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author = "Kennedy, {Marc C.} and Garthwaite, {David G.} and {de Boer}, {Waldo J.} and Kruisselbrink, {Johannes W.}",
year = "2019",
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Modelling aggregate exposure to pesticides from dietary and crop spray sources in UK residents. / Kennedy, Marc C.; Garthwaite, David G.; de Boer, Waldo J.; Kruisselbrink, Johannes W.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 26, No. 10, 04.2019, p. 9892-9907.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Modelling aggregate exposure to pesticides from dietary and crop spray sources in UK residents

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AB - Human exposure to pesticide mixtures can occur from the diet and other sources. Realistic exposure and risk assessments should include multiple sources and compounds and include the relative hazards of the different compounds. The EU-funded Euromix project is developing new web-based tools to facilitate these calculations. A case study is presented that exemplifies their use for a population of UK residents, including exposure from crop-spraying. A UK pesticide usage survey provided information on real pesticide combinations applied to crops of wheat, potatoes, sugar beet and dessert apples. This information was combined with outputs from two alternative simulation models of spray drift to estimate dermal, oral and inhalation exposures of residents. These non-dietary exposures were combined with dietary exposure estimates using the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment software to produce a distribution of aggregated and cumulative exposures. Compounds are weighted by relative potency to generate a measure of overall risk. Uncertainty quantification was also included in the distribution of exposures. These tools are flexible to allow diverse sources of exposure and can provide important information to decision-makers and help to prioritise testing of pesticide mixtures. Including non-dietary sources changed the prioritisation of pesticide mixtures, when compared to dietary exposure alone.

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