Modeling Trade-off between PAH Toxicity Reduction and Negative Effects of Sorbent Amendments to Contaminated Sediments

D. Kupryianchyk, M.I. Rakowska, J.T.C. Grotenhuis, A.A. Koelmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adding activated carbon (AC) to contaminated sediment has been suggested as an effective method for sediment remediation. AC binds chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), thus reducing the toxicity of the sediment. Negative effects of AC on benthic organisms have also been reported. Here, we present a conceptual model to quantify the trade-off, in terms of biomass changes, between the advantageous PAH toxicity reduction and the negative effects of AC on populations of benthic species. The model describes population growth, incorporates concentration-effect relationships for PAHs in the pore water and for AC, and uses an equilibrium sorption model to estimate PAH pore water concentrations as a function of AC dosage. We calibrated the model using bioassay data and analyzed it by calculating isoclines of zero population growth for two species. For the sediment evaluated here, the results show that AC may safely protect the benthic habitat against considerable sediment PAH concentrations as long as the AC dosage remains below 4%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4975-4984
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • soot-like materials
  • polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons
  • maximum adsorption capacities
  • polychlorinated biphenyl sorption
  • hydrophobic organic-compounds
  • activated carbon
  • black carbon
  • asellus-aquaticus
  • gammarus-pulex
  • qualitative approach

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