Modeling the surface-atmosphere exchange of ammonia

R.J. Wichink Kruit, W.A.J. van Pul, F.J. Slauter, M. van den Broek, E. Nemitz, M.A. Sutton, M.C. Krol, A.A.M. Holtslag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New parameterizations for surfaceeatmosphere exchange of ammonia are presented for application in atmospheric transport models and compared with parameterizations of the literature. The new parameterizations are based on a combination of the results of three years of ammonia flux measurements over a grassland canopy (dominated by Lolium perenne and Poa trivialis) near Wageningen, the Netherlands and existing parameterizations from literature. First, a model for the surfaceeatmosphere exchange of ammonia that includes the concentration at the external leaf surface is derived and validated. Second, a parameterization for the stomatal compensation point (expressed as Gs, the ratio of [NH4+]/[H+] in the leaf apoplast) that accounts for the observed seasonal variation is derived from the measurements. The new, temperature-dependent Gs describes the observed seasonal behavior very well. It is noted, however, that senescence of plants and field management practices will also influence the seasonal variation of Gs on a shorter timescale. Finally, a relation that links Gs to the atmospheric pollution level of the location through the ‘long-term’ NH3 concentration in the air is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-957
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • intensively managed grassland
  • nh3 deposition processes
  • oilseed rape plants
  • compensation point
  • dry deposition
  • seminatural vegetation
  • agricultural grassland
  • gradient measurements
  • apoplastic nh4+
  • lolium-perenne

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