Modeling the soil nutrient balance of integrated agriculture-aquaculture systems in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

L.T. Phong, J.J. Stoorvogel, M.E.F. van Mensvoort, H.M.J. Udo

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19 Citations (Scopus)


This study quantifies soil nutrient balances of Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture Systems in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Eleven farms were monitored to collect data on farm activities and nutrient inputs and outputs to compute these balances of the rice-based and high input fish system in O Mon district (R-HF); the rice-based and medium input fish system in Tam Binh district (R-MF); and the orchard-based and low input fish system in Cai Be district (O-LF). For the estimation, the Nutmon model has been adapted to the specific conditions in these integrated systems in Asia (Nutmon-Asia). New regression models of leaching and gaseous losses of nitrogen were applied to fields used for upland crops and paddy rice. Reference values were used for the assessment of nitrogen fixation in paddy soils, wet atmospheric deposition, and irrigation water. The results showed that farms in all three systems have nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium surpluses (84 kg N, 73 kg P, and 69 kg K ha-1 year-1). The O-LF system had the smallest nitrogen surplus while the smallest surplus of phosphorus and potassium was seen in the R-HF system. High surpluses of phosphorus and potassium were found in vegetable fields, whereas a negative potassium balance was found in the rice fields of all three systems. The positive farm nutrient balances indicate that it is likely that soil fertility will be maintained although there is a risk for environmental contamination
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-49
JournalNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • farming systems
  • economic-performance
  • nitrogen-balance
  • irrigated rice
  • n-loss
  • phosphorus
  • nutmon
  • flows
  • scale
  • crop


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