Model calculations concerning economic optimalization of AI-breeding with cattle

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

<p/>The effect of costs on the optimum breeding plan for selection for milk traits and the profitability of performance-test selection according to meat production were studied, including the consequences of beef crossing. Returns from breeding schemes were calculated from the expression of genetic superiority of selected parents (paths) in subsequent generations of offspring. Measuring the contribution of separate paths to returns was based on 'discounted expressions per cow'. The relative contribution of paths to returns and to annual genetic improvement differed, especially for path sire to breed daughter, showing a higher relative contribution to returns than to genetic improvement. A breeding plan with highest net returns (returns minus costs) was designated as optimum. Two types of breeding plans for selection for milk traits were compared: a system with semen storage during the waiting period and including slaughtering of bulls after production of a predetermined number of doses, and a system without semen storage. The first system proved to be economically advantageous. Optimum proportion selected, after performance testing, was between 1 in 2 and 1 in 4. Optimum weighing of milk and meat traits - the product of actual economic values and discounted expressions per cow - differed by path, and increasing proportion of beef crossing resulted in a shift of emphasis to milk traits. The conclusions remained unaltered if returns per cow from the expression of genetic superiority were calculated in subsequent years instead of generations, even though the generation approach gave systematic errors in discounted expressions.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Politiek, R.D., Promotor, External person
Award date12 Dec 1975
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789022005941
Publication statusPublished - 1975

Keywords

  • animal husbandry
  • breeding methods
  • cattle
  • population genetics
  • productivity
  • profitability
  • selective breeding
  • cum laude

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