The mixed adsorption of the nonionic polymer poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and the anionic surfactant sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) on kaolinite has been studied. Both components adsorb from their mixture onto the clay mineral. The overall adsorption process is sensitive to the pH, the electrolyte concentration, and the amounts of polymer and surfactant. Interpretation of the experimental data addresses also the patchwise heterogeneous nature of the clay surface. In the absence of PVP, SDBS adsorbs on kaolinite by electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. However, when PVP is present, surfactant adsorption at 10(-2) M NaCl is mainly driven by charge compensation of the edges. The adsorption of PVP from the mixture shows similar behavior under different conditions. Three regions can be distinguished based on the changing charge of polymer-surfactant complexes in solutions with increasing SDBS concentration. At low surfactant content, PVP adsorbs by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions, whereas electrostatic interactions dominate at higher surfactant concentrations. Over the entire surfactant concentration range, polymer-surfactant aggregates are present at the edges. The composition of these surface complexes differs from that in solution and is controlled by the surface charge. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
- cationic surfactant
- hydrocarbon/fluorocarbon surfactant
- polymer adsorption