Mitigation of micropollutants for black water application in agriculture via composting of anaerobic sludge

A. Butkovskyi, G. Ni, L. Hernandez Leal, H.H.M. Rijnaarts, G. Zeeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The excess sludge from Up-flow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactor operated on source separated toilet wastewater is a potential source of nutrients and organic matter. It can be further stabilized and dried by composting and applied as a soil amendment. Presence of pathogens, heavy metals and micropollutants in the compost derived from anaerobic sludge is thus undesirable. This paper focuses on removal of micropollutants, typically present in domestic wastewater, via composting of UASB sludge with waste wood. Estrone, diclofenac, ibuprofen, metoprolol, carbamazepine, galaxolide and triclosan were spiked to a mixture of UASB sludge and waste wood. Their concentrations were monitored during 92 days of composting at controlled temperature conditions. All studied micropollutants were removed at various rates with overall removal ranging from 99.9% for ibuprofen, diclofenac and estrone to 87.8% for carbamazepine. Accumulation of methyltriclosan as by-product of triclosan degradation was observed. The prospects and limitations of the integration of a composting process into Source Separated Sanitation concepts are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume303
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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