Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Few mitigation strategies are known or tested for nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from urine patches in pastures. We identify two such strategies and present experimental results for them: (1) avoiding detrimental soil conditions; and (2) changing urine composition through rationing. In the first strategy, soil compaction resulted in a two- to fivefold increase of emissions. Combination of urine patches with dung resulted in a comparable N2O increase. The effects of dung, seasonal variation and soil compaction could all be linked to changes in water-filled pore space (WFPS). For the second strategy, no consistent effects of urine concentration, urine volume or salt concentration could be determined. However, a shift in nitrogenous composition of urine, consistently with different diets, significantly affected N2O emissions. Increasing the hippuric acid concentration from 3% to 9% of total urine-N decreased cumulative N2O emissions from 8.4% of applied urine-N to 4.4%. We speculate that this effect is linked to an inhibitory effect of benzoic acid on the denitrification pathway. The most promising mitigation options appear to be avoiding so-called `camping areas¿ in pastures and to avoid grazing under wet conditions. The possibility of decreasing N2O emissions by increasing hippuric acid concentration through diet should be explored.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update
EditorsC.R. Soliva, J. Takahashi, M. Kreuzer
Pages347-350
Volume1293
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event2nd international conference on greenhouse gases and animal agriculture; Zürich (Switzerland) -
Duration: 20 Sep 200524 Sep 2005

Conference

Conference2nd international conference on greenhouse gases and animal agriculture; Zürich (Switzerland)
Period20/09/0524/09/05

Fingerprint

urine
pasture
acid
mitigation
diet
pore space
nitrous oxide
denitrification
seasonal variation
grazing
salt
effect

Keywords

  • nitrous oxide
  • emission reduction
  • urine
  • pastures
  • hippuric acid
  • cattle dung

Cite this

van Groenigen, J. W., Kool, D. M., Oenema, O., & Kuikman, P. J. (2006). Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures. In C. R. Soliva, J. Takahashi, & M. Kreuzer (Eds.), Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update (Vol. 1293, pp. 347-350) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ics.2006.01.018
van Groenigen, J.W. ; Kool, D.M. ; Oenema, O. ; Kuikman, P.J. / Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures. Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update. editor / C.R. Soliva ; J. Takahashi ; M. Kreuzer. Vol. 1293 2006. pp. 347-350
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abstract = "Few mitigation strategies are known or tested for nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from urine patches in pastures. We identify two such strategies and present experimental results for them: (1) avoiding detrimental soil conditions; and (2) changing urine composition through rationing. In the first strategy, soil compaction resulted in a two- to fivefold increase of emissions. Combination of urine patches with dung resulted in a comparable N2O increase. The effects of dung, seasonal variation and soil compaction could all be linked to changes in water-filled pore space (WFPS). For the second strategy, no consistent effects of urine concentration, urine volume or salt concentration could be determined. However, a shift in nitrogenous composition of urine, consistently with different diets, significantly affected N2O emissions. Increasing the hippuric acid concentration from 3{\%} to 9{\%} of total urine-N decreased cumulative N2O emissions from 8.4{\%} of applied urine-N to 4.4{\%}. We speculate that this effect is linked to an inhibitory effect of benzoic acid on the denitrification pathway. The most promising mitigation options appear to be avoiding so-called `camping areas¿ in pastures and to avoid grazing under wet conditions. The possibility of decreasing N2O emissions by increasing hippuric acid concentration through diet should be explored.",
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van Groenigen, JW, Kool, DM, Oenema, O & Kuikman, PJ 2006, Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures. in CR Soliva, J Takahashi & M Kreuzer (eds), Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update. vol. 1293, pp. 347-350, 2nd international conference on greenhouse gases and animal agriculture; Zürich (Switzerland), 20/09/05. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ics.2006.01.018

Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures. / van Groenigen, J.W.; Kool, D.M.; Oenema, O.; Kuikman, P.J.

Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update. ed. / C.R. Soliva; J. Takahashi; M. Kreuzer. Vol. 1293 2006. p. 347-350.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures

AU - van Groenigen, J.W.

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AU - Oenema, O.

AU - Kuikman, P.J.

PY - 2006

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N2 - Few mitigation strategies are known or tested for nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from urine patches in pastures. We identify two such strategies and present experimental results for them: (1) avoiding detrimental soil conditions; and (2) changing urine composition through rationing. In the first strategy, soil compaction resulted in a two- to fivefold increase of emissions. Combination of urine patches with dung resulted in a comparable N2O increase. The effects of dung, seasonal variation and soil compaction could all be linked to changes in water-filled pore space (WFPS). For the second strategy, no consistent effects of urine concentration, urine volume or salt concentration could be determined. However, a shift in nitrogenous composition of urine, consistently with different diets, significantly affected N2O emissions. Increasing the hippuric acid concentration from 3% to 9% of total urine-N decreased cumulative N2O emissions from 8.4% of applied urine-N to 4.4%. We speculate that this effect is linked to an inhibitory effect of benzoic acid on the denitrification pathway. The most promising mitigation options appear to be avoiding so-called `camping areas¿ in pastures and to avoid grazing under wet conditions. The possibility of decreasing N2O emissions by increasing hippuric acid concentration through diet should be explored.

AB - Few mitigation strategies are known or tested for nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from urine patches in pastures. We identify two such strategies and present experimental results for them: (1) avoiding detrimental soil conditions; and (2) changing urine composition through rationing. In the first strategy, soil compaction resulted in a two- to fivefold increase of emissions. Combination of urine patches with dung resulted in a comparable N2O increase. The effects of dung, seasonal variation and soil compaction could all be linked to changes in water-filled pore space (WFPS). For the second strategy, no consistent effects of urine concentration, urine volume or salt concentration could be determined. However, a shift in nitrogenous composition of urine, consistently with different diets, significantly affected N2O emissions. Increasing the hippuric acid concentration from 3% to 9% of total urine-N decreased cumulative N2O emissions from 8.4% of applied urine-N to 4.4%. We speculate that this effect is linked to an inhibitory effect of benzoic acid on the denitrification pathway. The most promising mitigation options appear to be avoiding so-called `camping areas¿ in pastures and to avoid grazing under wet conditions. The possibility of decreasing N2O emissions by increasing hippuric acid concentration through diet should be explored.

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KW - hippurinezuur

KW - koeienuitwerpselen

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KW - urine

KW - pastures

KW - hippuric acid

KW - cattle dung

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M3 - Conference paper

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EP - 350

BT - Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update

A2 - Soliva, C.R.

A2 - Takahashi, J.

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ER -

van Groenigen JW, Kool DM, Oenema O, Kuikman PJ. Mitigating N2O emissions from urine patches in pastures. In Soliva CR, Takahashi J, Kreuzer M, editors, Greenhouse gases and animal agriculture: an update. Vol. 1293. 2006. p. 347-350 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ics.2006.01.018