Mineralization and herbage recovery of animal manure nitrogen after application to various soil types

G.M. Shah, M.I. Rashid, G.A. Shah, J.C.J. Groot, E.A. Lantinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aim - Typical values of plant available nitrogen (N) from animal manures are provided in fertilizer recommendation schemes. However, only a few attempts have been made thus far to study the variation in these values among contrasting soil types. The objective of this study was to examine the interactions between animal manure and soil types on N mineralization and total plant N recovery (shoots¿+¿roots) during one growing season. Methods - A pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse during a growth period of 180 days. Experimental treatments included solid cattle manure (SCM), cattle slurry (CS) and poultry manure (PM), all applied to sandy, clay and peat soils sown with perennial ryegrass. Total N application rate was 120 kg ha-1. Results - There were clear interactions (P¿¿sandy¿>¿clay. In case of the peat soil, net mineralization of the applied organic N was on average 90 % from PM, 39 % from SCM and 26 % from CS. However, in the clay soil a positive net N mineralization occurred only from PM (42 %). Besides, significant proportions of the applied mineral N from SCM (17 %) and CS (35 %) were immobilized in this soil type. Consequently, apparent total plant N recovery was highest in the peat soil with values of 80, 57 and 50 % from PM, CS and SCM, respectively. In contrast, these values were only 57, 28 and 15 % for the clay soil. Conclusions - It is concluded that wide variations do exist in the extent of net N mineralization and plant N recovery from a given animal manure type when applied to diverging soil types. This indicates the need for more soil-specific manure fertilizer recommendations.
LanguageEnglish
Pages69-79
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume365
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

cattle manure
soil treatment
animal manures
soil type
manure
soil types
mineralization
forage
cattle
nitrogen
poultry manure
peat soils
poultry
slurry
peat soil
clay soil
clay soils
sandy clay soils
fertilizers
Lolium perenne

Keywords

  • uncomposted poultry litter
  • organic-matter
  • different texture
  • plant uptake
  • slurry
  • decomposition
  • ryegrass
  • carbon
  • immobilization
  • microorganisms

Cite this

@article{2297cd002a4548248274a806846a1f00,
title = "Mineralization and herbage recovery of animal manure nitrogen after application to various soil types",
abstract = "Background and aim - Typical values of plant available nitrogen (N) from animal manures are provided in fertilizer recommendation schemes. However, only a few attempts have been made thus far to study the variation in these values among contrasting soil types. The objective of this study was to examine the interactions between animal manure and soil types on N mineralization and total plant N recovery (shoots¿+¿roots) during one growing season. Methods - A pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse during a growth period of 180 days. Experimental treatments included solid cattle manure (SCM), cattle slurry (CS) and poultry manure (PM), all applied to sandy, clay and peat soils sown with perennial ryegrass. Total N application rate was 120 kg ha-1. Results - There were clear interactions (P¿¿sandy¿>¿clay. In case of the peat soil, net mineralization of the applied organic N was on average 90 {\%} from PM, 39 {\%} from SCM and 26 {\%} from CS. However, in the clay soil a positive net N mineralization occurred only from PM (42 {\%}). Besides, significant proportions of the applied mineral N from SCM (17 {\%}) and CS (35 {\%}) were immobilized in this soil type. Consequently, apparent total plant N recovery was highest in the peat soil with values of 80, 57 and 50 {\%} from PM, CS and SCM, respectively. In contrast, these values were only 57, 28 and 15 {\%} for the clay soil. Conclusions - It is concluded that wide variations do exist in the extent of net N mineralization and plant N recovery from a given animal manure type when applied to diverging soil types. This indicates the need for more soil-specific manure fertilizer recommendations.",
keywords = "uncomposted poultry litter, organic-matter, different texture, plant uptake, slurry, decomposition, ryegrass, carbon, immobilization, microorganisms",
author = "G.M. Shah and M.I. Rashid and G.A. Shah and J.C.J. Groot and E.A. Lantinga",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s11104-012-1347-8",
language = "English",
volume = "365",
pages = "69--79",
journal = "Plant and Soil",
issn = "0032-079X",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "1-2",

}

Mineralization and herbage recovery of animal manure nitrogen after application to various soil types. / Shah, G.M.; Rashid, M.I.; Shah, G.A.; Groot, J.C.J.; Lantinga, E.A.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 365, No. 1-2, 2013, p. 69-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mineralization and herbage recovery of animal manure nitrogen after application to various soil types

AU - Shah, G.M.

AU - Rashid, M.I.

AU - Shah, G.A.

AU - Groot, J.C.J.

AU - Lantinga, E.A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background and aim - Typical values of plant available nitrogen (N) from animal manures are provided in fertilizer recommendation schemes. However, only a few attempts have been made thus far to study the variation in these values among contrasting soil types. The objective of this study was to examine the interactions between animal manure and soil types on N mineralization and total plant N recovery (shoots¿+¿roots) during one growing season. Methods - A pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse during a growth period of 180 days. Experimental treatments included solid cattle manure (SCM), cattle slurry (CS) and poultry manure (PM), all applied to sandy, clay and peat soils sown with perennial ryegrass. Total N application rate was 120 kg ha-1. Results - There were clear interactions (P¿¿sandy¿>¿clay. In case of the peat soil, net mineralization of the applied organic N was on average 90 % from PM, 39 % from SCM and 26 % from CS. However, in the clay soil a positive net N mineralization occurred only from PM (42 %). Besides, significant proportions of the applied mineral N from SCM (17 %) and CS (35 %) were immobilized in this soil type. Consequently, apparent total plant N recovery was highest in the peat soil with values of 80, 57 and 50 % from PM, CS and SCM, respectively. In contrast, these values were only 57, 28 and 15 % for the clay soil. Conclusions - It is concluded that wide variations do exist in the extent of net N mineralization and plant N recovery from a given animal manure type when applied to diverging soil types. This indicates the need for more soil-specific manure fertilizer recommendations.

AB - Background and aim - Typical values of plant available nitrogen (N) from animal manures are provided in fertilizer recommendation schemes. However, only a few attempts have been made thus far to study the variation in these values among contrasting soil types. The objective of this study was to examine the interactions between animal manure and soil types on N mineralization and total plant N recovery (shoots¿+¿roots) during one growing season. Methods - A pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse during a growth period of 180 days. Experimental treatments included solid cattle manure (SCM), cattle slurry (CS) and poultry manure (PM), all applied to sandy, clay and peat soils sown with perennial ryegrass. Total N application rate was 120 kg ha-1. Results - There were clear interactions (P¿¿sandy¿>¿clay. In case of the peat soil, net mineralization of the applied organic N was on average 90 % from PM, 39 % from SCM and 26 % from CS. However, in the clay soil a positive net N mineralization occurred only from PM (42 %). Besides, significant proportions of the applied mineral N from SCM (17 %) and CS (35 %) were immobilized in this soil type. Consequently, apparent total plant N recovery was highest in the peat soil with values of 80, 57 and 50 % from PM, CS and SCM, respectively. In contrast, these values were only 57, 28 and 15 % for the clay soil. Conclusions - It is concluded that wide variations do exist in the extent of net N mineralization and plant N recovery from a given animal manure type when applied to diverging soil types. This indicates the need for more soil-specific manure fertilizer recommendations.

KW - uncomposted poultry litter

KW - organic-matter

KW - different texture

KW - plant uptake

KW - slurry

KW - decomposition

KW - ryegrass

KW - carbon

KW - immobilization

KW - microorganisms

U2 - 10.1007/s11104-012-1347-8

DO - 10.1007/s11104-012-1347-8

M3 - Article

VL - 365

SP - 69

EP - 79

JO - Plant and Soil

T2 - Plant and Soil

JF - Plant and Soil

SN - 0032-079X

IS - 1-2

ER -