Mineral CO2 sequestration by steel slag carbonation

W.J.J. Huijgen, R.N.J. Comans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

458 Citations (Scopus)


Mineral CO2 sequestration, i.e., carbonation of alkaline silicate Ca/Mg minerals, analogous to natural weathering processes, is a possible technology for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. In this paper, alkaline Ca-rich industrial residues are presented as a possible feedstock for mineral CO2 sequestration. These materials are cheap, available near large point sources of CO2, and tend to react relatively rapidly with CO2 due to their chemical instability. Ground steel slag was carbonated in aqueous suspensions to study its reaction mechanisms. Process variables, such as particle size, temperature, carbon dioxide pressure, and reaction time, were systematically varied, and their influence on the carbonation rate was investigated. The maximum carbonation degree reached was 74% of the Ca content in 30 min at 19 bar CO2 pressure, 100 °C, and a particle size of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9676-9682
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • solid-wastes
  • ash
  • disposal
  • mobility

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