Milk protein enriched beverage reduces post-exercise energy intakes in women with higher levels of cognitive dietary restraint

Nicolina Virgilio, Roberta De Donno, Enrica Bandini, Aurora Napolitano, Vincenzo Fogliano, Paola Vitaglione*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the satiating efficacy of milk proteins compared to carbohydrates in twenty women during post-exercise period. Methods: A milk protein-enriched beverage (MPB), and an isocaloric carbohydrate-enriched beverage (CB) containing respectively 9.3. g and 0.3. g of milk proteins per 100. mL beverage, were developed and tested in a satiety study with 20 free-living healthy and normal weight women. The participants drank 250. mL of the two beverages after an aerobic exercise session, filled daily food diaries and rated their appetite on visual analogue scale (VAS), in two days over three consecutive weeks. A psychometric evaluation of eating behaviour was obtained by three-factor eating questionnaire (TFEQ). Results: No differences in appetite feelings and energy intakes between MPB and CB were found in the study population. However, 9 participants were significantly less hungry (-9% vs + 15%, p 0.03) and ate later (208. min vs 127. min, p 0.03) and less (-10% vs + 8% daily energy intake, p 0.01) when they had MPB than CB. These women had a slightly higher BMI and were more restrained than the others. Conclusions: Data showed that MPB compared to CB could modify daily eating habits by enhancing satiety in women with a stronger cognitive control of eating behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-64
JournalFood Research International
Volume118
Early online date22 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Appetite control
  • Eating behaviour
  • Energy intake
  • Functional food
  • Milk proteins

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Milk protein enriched beverage reduces post-exercise energy intakes in women with higher levels of cognitive dietary restraint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this