Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation: How relevant is pure ancestry?

J.A. Lenstra, J. Tigchelaar, I. Biebach, J.H. Hallsson, J. Kantanen, V.H. Nielsen, F. Pompanon, S. Naderi, H.R. Rezaei, N. Sæther, O. Ertugrul, C. Grossen, G. Camenisch, M. Vos-Loohuis, M. van Straten, E.A. de Poel, J. Windig, K. Oldenbroek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decades, several endangered breeds of livestock species have been re-established effectively. However, the successful revival of the Dutch and Danish Landrace goats involved crossing with exotic breeds and the ancestry of the current populations is therefore not clear. We have generated genotypes for 27 FAO-recommended microsatellites of these landraces and three phenotypically similar Nordic-type landraces and compared these breeds with central European, Mediterranean and south-west Asian goats. We found decreasing levels of genetic diversity with increasing distance from the south-west Asian domestication site with a south-east-to-north-west cline that is clearly steeper than the Mediterranean east-to-west cline. In terms of genetic diversity, the Dutch Landrace comes next to the isolated Icelandic breed, which has an extremely low diversity. The Norwegian coastal goat and the Finnish and Icelandic landraces are clearly related. It appears that by a combination of mixed origin and a population bottleneck, the Dutch and Danish Land-races are separated from the other breeds. However, the current Dutch and Danish populations with the multicoloured and long-horned appearance effectively substitute for the original breed, illustrating that for conservation of cultural heritage, the phenotype of a breed is more relevant than pure ancestry and the genetic diversity of the original breed. More in general, we propose that for conservation, the retention of genetic diversity of an original breed and of the visual phenotype by which the breed is recognized and defined needs to be considered separately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-84
JournalJournal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Goats
Microsatellite Repeats
ancestry
goats
microsatellite repeats
breeds
Population
Phenotype
Dutch Landrace
landraces
Livestock
genetic variation
Genotype
Danish Landrace
phenotype
cultural heritage
domestication
livestock
genotype

Keywords

  • Conservation
  • Diversity
  • Goats
  • Microsatellite

Cite this

Lenstra, J.A. ; Tigchelaar, J. ; Biebach, I. ; Hallsson, J.H. ; Kantanen, J. ; Nielsen, V.H. ; Pompanon, F. ; Naderi, S. ; Rezaei, H.R. ; Sæther, N. ; Ertugrul, O. ; Grossen, C. ; Camenisch, G. ; Vos-Loohuis, M. ; van Straten, M. ; de Poel, E.A. ; Windig, J. ; Oldenbroek, K. / Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation : How relevant is pure ancestry?. In: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics. 2017 ; Vol. 134, No. 1. pp. 78-84.
@article{a339ebdca7de4f83a14cb17ebc6ae5cd,
title = "Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation: How relevant is pure ancestry?",
abstract = "In the last decades, several endangered breeds of livestock species have been re-established effectively. However, the successful revival of the Dutch and Danish Landrace goats involved crossing with exotic breeds and the ancestry of the current populations is therefore not clear. We have generated genotypes for 27 FAO-recommended microsatellites of these landraces and three phenotypically similar Nordic-type landraces and compared these breeds with central European, Mediterranean and south-west Asian goats. We found decreasing levels of genetic diversity with increasing distance from the south-west Asian domestication site with a south-east-to-north-west cline that is clearly steeper than the Mediterranean east-to-west cline. In terms of genetic diversity, the Dutch Landrace comes next to the isolated Icelandic breed, which has an extremely low diversity. The Norwegian coastal goat and the Finnish and Icelandic landraces are clearly related. It appears that by a combination of mixed origin and a population bottleneck, the Dutch and Danish Land-races are separated from the other breeds. However, the current Dutch and Danish populations with the multicoloured and long-horned appearance effectively substitute for the original breed, illustrating that for conservation of cultural heritage, the phenotype of a breed is more relevant than pure ancestry and the genetic diversity of the original breed. More in general, we propose that for conservation, the retention of genetic diversity of an original breed and of the visual phenotype by which the breed is recognized and defined needs to be considered separately.",
keywords = "Conservation, Diversity, Goats, Microsatellite",
author = "J.A. Lenstra and J. Tigchelaar and I. Biebach and J.H. Hallsson and J. Kantanen and V.H. Nielsen and F. Pompanon and S. Naderi and H.R. Rezaei and N. S{\ae}ther and O. Ertugrul and C. Grossen and G. Camenisch and M. Vos-Loohuis and {van Straten}, M. and {de Poel}, E.A. and J. Windig and K. Oldenbroek",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/jbg.12226",
language = "English",
volume = "134",
pages = "78--84",
journal = "Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics",
issn = "0931-2668",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Lenstra, JA, Tigchelaar, J, Biebach, I, Hallsson, JH, Kantanen, J, Nielsen, VH, Pompanon, F, Naderi, S, Rezaei, HR, Sæther, N, Ertugrul, O, Grossen, C, Camenisch, G, Vos-Loohuis, M, van Straten, M, de Poel, EA, Windig, J & Oldenbroek, K 2017, 'Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation: How relevant is pure ancestry?' Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 78-84. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbg.12226

Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation : How relevant is pure ancestry? / Lenstra, J.A.; Tigchelaar, J.; Biebach, I.; Hallsson, J.H.; Kantanen, J.; Nielsen, V.H.; Pompanon, F.; Naderi, S.; Rezaei, H.R.; Sæther, N.; Ertugrul, O.; Grossen, C.; Camenisch, G.; Vos-Loohuis, M.; van Straten, M.; de Poel, E.A.; Windig, J.; Oldenbroek, K.

In: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Vol. 134, No. 1, 2017, p. 78-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microsatellite diversity of the Nordic type of goats in relation to breed conservation

T2 - How relevant is pure ancestry?

AU - Lenstra, J.A.

AU - Tigchelaar, J.

AU - Biebach, I.

AU - Hallsson, J.H.

AU - Kantanen, J.

AU - Nielsen, V.H.

AU - Pompanon, F.

AU - Naderi, S.

AU - Rezaei, H.R.

AU - Sæther, N.

AU - Ertugrul, O.

AU - Grossen, C.

AU - Camenisch, G.

AU - Vos-Loohuis, M.

AU - van Straten, M.

AU - de Poel, E.A.

AU - Windig, J.

AU - Oldenbroek, K.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In the last decades, several endangered breeds of livestock species have been re-established effectively. However, the successful revival of the Dutch and Danish Landrace goats involved crossing with exotic breeds and the ancestry of the current populations is therefore not clear. We have generated genotypes for 27 FAO-recommended microsatellites of these landraces and three phenotypically similar Nordic-type landraces and compared these breeds with central European, Mediterranean and south-west Asian goats. We found decreasing levels of genetic diversity with increasing distance from the south-west Asian domestication site with a south-east-to-north-west cline that is clearly steeper than the Mediterranean east-to-west cline. In terms of genetic diversity, the Dutch Landrace comes next to the isolated Icelandic breed, which has an extremely low diversity. The Norwegian coastal goat and the Finnish and Icelandic landraces are clearly related. It appears that by a combination of mixed origin and a population bottleneck, the Dutch and Danish Land-races are separated from the other breeds. However, the current Dutch and Danish populations with the multicoloured and long-horned appearance effectively substitute for the original breed, illustrating that for conservation of cultural heritage, the phenotype of a breed is more relevant than pure ancestry and the genetic diversity of the original breed. More in general, we propose that for conservation, the retention of genetic diversity of an original breed and of the visual phenotype by which the breed is recognized and defined needs to be considered separately.

AB - In the last decades, several endangered breeds of livestock species have been re-established effectively. However, the successful revival of the Dutch and Danish Landrace goats involved crossing with exotic breeds and the ancestry of the current populations is therefore not clear. We have generated genotypes for 27 FAO-recommended microsatellites of these landraces and three phenotypically similar Nordic-type landraces and compared these breeds with central European, Mediterranean and south-west Asian goats. We found decreasing levels of genetic diversity with increasing distance from the south-west Asian domestication site with a south-east-to-north-west cline that is clearly steeper than the Mediterranean east-to-west cline. In terms of genetic diversity, the Dutch Landrace comes next to the isolated Icelandic breed, which has an extremely low diversity. The Norwegian coastal goat and the Finnish and Icelandic landraces are clearly related. It appears that by a combination of mixed origin and a population bottleneck, the Dutch and Danish Land-races are separated from the other breeds. However, the current Dutch and Danish populations with the multicoloured and long-horned appearance effectively substitute for the original breed, illustrating that for conservation of cultural heritage, the phenotype of a breed is more relevant than pure ancestry and the genetic diversity of the original breed. More in general, we propose that for conservation, the retention of genetic diversity of an original breed and of the visual phenotype by which the breed is recognized and defined needs to be considered separately.

KW - Conservation

KW - Diversity

KW - Goats

KW - Microsatellite

U2 - 10.1111/jbg.12226

DO - 10.1111/jbg.12226

M3 - Article

VL - 134

SP - 78

EP - 84

JO - Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics

JF - Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics

SN - 0931-2668

IS - 1

ER -