Micropollutants in source separated wastewater streams and recovered resources of source separated sanitation

A. Butkovskyi*, L. Hernandez Leal, G. Zeeman, H.H.M. Rijnaarts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quality of anaerobic sludge and struvite from black water treatment system, aerobic sludge from grey water treatment system and effluents of both systems was assessed for organic micropollutant content in order to ensure safety when reusing these products. Use of anaerobic black water sludge and struvite as soil amendments is recommended based on the low micropollutant content. Aerobic grey water sludge is recommended for disposal, because of the relatively high micropollutant concentrations, exceeding those in sewage sludge. Effluents of black and grey water treatment systems require post-treatment prior to reuse, because the measured micropollutant concentrations in the effluents are above ecotoxicological thresholds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-442
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Black water
  • Grey water
  • Micropollutants
  • Sludge
  • Struvite

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