Microbiota changes and immune-modulation by feed in zebrafish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

Abstract

As the demand of fish proteins in diets steadily increases worldwide, a more experimentally feasible in vivo fish model to test novel and more sustainable (both economically and environmentally) diets is required. Zebrafish are small cyprinids extensively used as a model in molecular biology with vast potential to elucidate the role of feed in modulating the microbiota and fish health. The general assumption is that feed additives can alter the fish gut microbiota which, in turn, interacts with the host immune system. Zebrafish have been used to study host-microbe-immune interactions because of their optical transparency in larval stages which allows for in vivo imaging of specific (immune) cell populations in whole transgenic organisms. We aim to set up a screening toolbox to assess whether novel feeds are capable to reduce previously established gut inflammation or protect from disease. In our previous study we described how upon exposure of an anti-nutritional factor (soy saponin) zebrafish larvae presented with an increased number of neutrophils recruited to the gut area. These changes were accompanied by an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines expression (il1b, tnfa2, mmp9, il22). Furthermore, saponin exposure changed the microbiota by increasing the relative abundance of Burkholderiaceae, Comamonadaceae, Cytophagaceae, Nocardioidaceae among others at the expense of Entereobacteriaceae (López Nadal, et al. 2018). In our new study, we incorporated saponin into dry feed and investigated whether, as in larvae, juvenile fish also develop intestinal inflammation upon exposure. If so, this saponin model can be used as a challenge model to test novel diets for their potential to prevent or treat inflammation. In this presentation I will present the latest (promising) results of this feeding trial using juvenile zebrafish
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWIAS Annual Conference 2020
Subtitle of host publicationFrontiers in Animal Sciences
PublisherWIAS
Pages26-26
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2020
EventWIAS Annual Conference 2020: Frontiers in Animal Sciences - De Werelt Conference Centre, Lunteren, Netherlands
Duration: 13 Feb 202014 Feb 2020
https://www.wur.nl/upload_mm/2/a/6/5123d603-ccbd-4649-bc5e-4d097e79c497_WIAS%20annual%20conference%20proceedings%202020.pdf

Conference

ConferenceWIAS Annual Conference 2020
CountryNetherlands
CityLunteren
Period13/02/2014/02/20
Internet address

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