Microbial C and N Transformations during Drying and Rewetting of Coniferous Forest Floor Material

M.M. Pulleman, A. Tietema

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105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial C and N transformation rates in air-dried and subsequently rewetted coniferous forest floor material were examined in a laboratory incubation study. Gross N transformation rates were determined through parallel 15NH4+ and 15NO3- enrichment experiments. After drying of the litter for 12 d to a water content of 10% of dry weight, CO2 respiration, net N mineralization and nitrification rates were strongly restricted. Microbial biomass C was reduced to 67% of the amount in the continuously moist material. Remoistening of the dry litter to a water content of 340% resulted in a flush in C and net N mineralization within a few hours after rewetting. The increase in net N mineralization could be attributed to a larger increase in gross N mineralization relative to the increase in gross N immobilization. Gross N immobilization had increased to the same rate as gross N mineralization after 26 h, and a small secondary peak in respiration and microbial C was observed 48 h after rewetting. It was concluded that both biomass-derived substrate with a low C-to-N ratio and `nonbiomass'-derived substrate with a high C-to-N ratio have been released, and metabolized, as a result of the drying-rewetting treatment. Despite the very extreme drying treatment, the mineralization flush after rewetting could not compensate for the large reduction in CO2 and mineral N production during dry conditions due to its short duration. Since there was no increase in nitrification rate after drying and rewetting, the NO3- concentration at the end of the incubation was strongly reduced due to the extremely slow net nitrification rates during desiccation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-285
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • gross nitrogen transformations
  • biomass-c
  • extraction method
  • soil
  • n-15
  • fumigation
  • nitrate
  • carbon
  • rates

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