MgAtr7, a new type of ABC transporter from Mycosphaerella graminicola involved in iron homeostasis

L.H. Zwiers, R. Roohparvar, M.A. de Waard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The ABC transporter-encoding gene MgAtr7 from the wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola was cloned based upon its high homology to ABC transporters involved in azole-fungicide sensitivity. Genomic and cDNA sequences indicated that the N-terminus of this ABC transporter contains a motif characteristic for a dityrosine/pyoverdine biosynthesis protein. This makes MgAtr7 the first member of a new class of fungal ABC transporters harboring both a transporter and a biosynthetic moiety. A homologue of MgAtr7 containing the same biosynthetic moiety was only found in the Fusarium graminearum genome and not in any other fungal genome examined so far. The gene structure of both orthologous transporters is highly conserved and the genomic area surrounding the ABC transporter exhibits micro-synteny between M. graminicola and F. graminearum. Functional analyses revealed that MgAtr7 is neither required for virulence nor involved in fungicide sensitivity but indicated a role in maintenance of iron homeostasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-863
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • major facilitator superfamily
  • atp-binding cassette
  • multidrug-resistance
  • siderophore biosynthesis
  • filamentous fungi
  • toxic compounds
  • gene-cluster
  • spore wall
  • wheat
  • virulence

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