Methods to derive critical loads for nitrogen for terrestrial ecosystems

W. de Vries, J.B. Latour

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


    The effects of an excess input of nitrogen on terrestrial ecosystems may include changes in vegetation, damage to forests, and pollution of groundwater with nitrate. Critical loads (deposition levels) for nitrogen related to these effects can be derived by empirical data, steady-state soil models and dynamic soil-vegetation models. Examples of the various approaches are given with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages for the mapping of critical loads.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Title of host publicationMapping and modelling of critical loads for nitrogen - a workshop report
    EditorsM. Hornung, M.A. Sutton, R.B. Wilson
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

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