Methanethiol degradation in anaerobic bioreactors at elevated pH (>8): Reactor performance and microbial community analysis

R.C. van Leerdam, F.A.M. de Bok, M. Bonilla-Salinas, W. van Doesburg, B.P. Lomans, P.N.L. Lens, A.J.M. Stams, A.J.H. Janssen

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The degradation of methanethiol (MT) at 30 °C under saline¿alkaline (pH 8¿10, 0.5 M Na+) conditions was studied in a lab-scale Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor inoculated with estuarine sediment from the Wadden Sea (The Netherlands). At a sodium concentration of 0.5 M and a pH between 8 and 9 complete MT degradation to sulfide, methane and carbon dioxide was possible at a maximum loading rate of 22 mmol MT L¿1 day¿1 and a hydraulic retention time of 6 h. The presence of yeast extract (100 mg/L) in the medium was essential for complete MT degradation. 16S rRNA based DGGE and sequence analysis revealed that species related to the genera Methanolobus and Methanosarcina dominated the archaeal community in the reactor sludge. Their relative abundance fluctuated in time, possibly as a result of the changing operational conditions in the reactor. The most dominant MT-degrading archaeon was enriched from the reactor and obtained in pure culture. This strain WR1, which was most closely related to Methanolobus taylorii, degraded MT, dimethyl sulfide (DMS), methanol and trimethylamine. Its optimal growth conditions were 0.2 M NaCl, 30 °C and pH 8.4. In batch and reactor experiments operated at pH 10, MT was not degraded
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8967-8973
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume99
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • organic sulfur-compounds
  • sludge-blanket reactor
  • methylotrophic methanogen
  • sp-nov
  • methanosarcina-mazei
  • dimethyl sulfide
  • estuarine methanogen
  • hydrogen transfer
  • sediments
  • bacteria

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    van Leerdam, R. C., de Bok, F. A. M., Bonilla-Salinas, M., van Doesburg, W., Lomans, B. P., Lens, P. N. L., ... Janssen, A. J. H. (2008). Methanethiol degradation in anaerobic bioreactors at elevated pH (>8): Reactor performance and microbial community analysis. Bioresource Technology, 99(18), 8967-8973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.05.007