Metatranscriptomic census of active protists in soils

Stefan Geisen, A.T. Tveit, I.M. Clark, A. Richter, M. Svenning, M. Bonkowski, T. Urich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high numbers and diversity of protists in soil systems have long been presumed, but their true diversity and community composition have remained largely concealed. Traditional cultivation-based methods miss a majority of taxa, whereas molecular barcoding approaches employing PCR introduce significant biases in reported community composition of soil protists. Here, we applied a metatranscriptomic approach to assess the protist community in 12 mineral and organic soil samples from different vegetation types and climatic zones using small subunit ribosomal RNA transcripts as marker. We detected a broad diversity of soil protists spanning across all known eukaryotic supergroups and revealed a strikingly different community composition than shown before. Protist communities differed strongly between sites, with Rhizaria and Amoebozoa dominating in forest and grassland soils, while Alveolata were most abundant in peat soils. The Amoebozoa were comprised of Tubulinea, followed with decreasing abundance by Discosea, Variosea and Mycetozoa. Transcripts of Oomycetes, Apicomplexa and Ichthyosporea suggest soil as reservoir of parasitic protist taxa. Further, Foraminifera and Choanoflagellida were ubiquitously detected, showing that these typically marine and freshwater protists are autochthonous members of the soil microbiota. To the best of our knowledge, this metatranscriptomic study provides the most comprehensive picture of active protist communities in soils to date, which is essential to target the ecological roles of protists in the complex soil system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2178-2190
JournalISME Journal
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Metatranscriptomic census of active protists in soils'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Projects

    Cite this

    Geisen, S., Tveit, A. T., Clark, I. M., Richter, A., Svenning, M., Bonkowski, M., & Urich, T. (2015). Metatranscriptomic census of active protists in soils. ISME Journal, 9, 2178-2190. https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.30