Metabolomics and sensory evaluation of white asparagus ingredients in instant soups unveil important (off-)flavours

Eirini Pegiou, Joanne W. Siccama, Roland Mumm, Lu Zhang, Doris M. Jacobs, Xavier Y. Lauteslager, Marcia T. Knoop, Maarten A.I. Schutyser, Robert D. Hall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Split-stream processing of asparagus waste stream is a novel approach to produce spray-dried powder and fibre. Asparagus ingredients processed by this method and a commercial asparagus powder were compared by evaluating their flavour profile in a soup formulation. Professional sensory panel and untargeted metabolomics approaches using GC–MS and LC–MS were carried out. Unsupervised and supervised statistical analyses were performed to highlight discriminatory metabolites and correlate these to sensory attributes. The spray-dried powder scored higher on asparagus flavour compared to the commercial powder. The fibre negatively impacted the taste and mouthfeel of the soups. GC-O-MS confirmed the role of dimethyl sulphide, 2-methoxy-3-isopropyl pyrazine and 2-methoxy-3-isobutyl pyrazine in asparagus odour. Seven new volatile compounds are also proposed to contribute to asparagus flavour notes, most of which were more abundant in the spray-dried powder. This research demonstrates the feasibility of upcycling asparagus waste streams into flavour-rich ingredients with good sensorial properties.
Original languageEnglish
Article number134986
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

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