Metabolic engineering of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 for medium-chain-length fatty alcohol and ester production from fatty acids

Chunzhe Lu, Edward Ofori Akwafo, Rene H. Wijffels, Vitor A.P. Martins dos Santos, Ruud A. Weusthuis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Medium-chain-length fatty alcohols have broad applications in the surfactant, lubricant, and cosmetic industries. Their acetate esters are widely used as flavoring and fragrance substances. Pseudomonas putida KT2440 is a promising chassis for fatty alcohol and ester production at the industrial scale due to its robustness, versatility, and high oxidative capacity. However, P. putida has also numerous native alcohol dehydrogenases, which lead to the degradation of these alcohols and thereby hinder its use as an effective biocatalyst. Therefore, to harness its capacity as a producer, we constructed two engineered strains (WTΔpedFΔadhP, GN346ΔadhP) incapable of growing on mcl-fatty alcohols by deleting either a cytochrome c oxidase PedF and a short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase AdhP in P. putida or AdhP in P. putida GN346. Carboxylic acid reductase, phosphopantetheinyl transferase, and alcohol acetyltransferase were expressed in the engineered P. putida strains to produce hexyl acetate. Overexpression of transporters further increased 1-hexanol and hexyl acetate production. The optimal strain G23E-MPAscTP produced 93.8 mg/L 1-hexanol and 160.5 mg/L hexyl acetate, with a yield of 63.1%. The engineered strain is applicable for C6–C10 fatty alcohols and their acetate ester production. This study lays a foundation for P. putida being used as a microbial cell factory for sustainable synthesis of a broad range of products based on medium-chain-length fatty alcohols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-118
JournalMetabolic Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Alcohol acetyltransferase
  • Alcohol dehydrogenase
  • Carboxylic acid reductase
  • Medium-chain-length fatty alcohol
  • Pseudomonas putida


Dive into the research topics of 'Metabolic engineering of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 for medium-chain-length fatty alcohol and ester production from fatty acids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this