The als gene for alpha-acetolactate synthase of Lactococcus lactis MG1363 was cloned on a multicopy plasmid under the control of the inducible L. lactis lacA promoter. More than a hundredfold overproduction of alpha-acetolactate synthase was obtained in L. lactis under inducing conditions as compared with that of the host strain, which contained a single chromosomal copy of the als gene. The effect of alpha-acetolactate synthase overproduction on the formation of end products in various L. lactis strains was studied under different fermentation conditions. Under aerobic conditions and with an initial pH of 6.0, overexpression of the als gene resulted in significant acetoin production that amounted to more than one-third of the pyruvate converted. However, the effect of the alpha-acetolactate synthase overproduction was even more pronounced in the lactate dehydrogenase-deficient strain L. lactis NZ2700. Anaerobic cultivation of this strain resulted in a doubling of the butanediol formation of up to 40% of the converted pyruvate. When cultivated aerobically at an initial pH of 6.8, overexpression of the als gene in L. lactis NZ2700 resulted in the conversion of more than 60% of the pyruvate into acetoin, while no butanediol was formed. Moreover, at an initial pH of 6.0, similar amounts of acetoin were obtained, but in addition approximately 20% of the pyruvate was converted into butanediol. These metabolic engineering studies indicate that more than 80% of the lactose can be converted via the activity of the overproduced alpha-acetolactate synthase in L. lactis.
|Journal||Applied and Environmental Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
Platteeuw, C., Hugenholtz, J., Starrenburg, M., van Alen-Boerrigter, I., & de Vos, W. M. (1995). Metabolic engineering of Lactococcus lactis: Influence of overproduction of ß-acetolactate synthase in strains deficient in lactate dehydrogenase as a function of culture conditions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 61(11), 3967-3971. https://aem.asm.org/content/61/11/3967