Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland

J. Keestra

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

Various aspects of the ease of milking of more than a thousand cows were studied with a Gascoigne individual-quarter milking machine (pulsation ratio 3:1, pulsation rate 60 cycles per minute). Progeny groups from 17 bulls used in artificial insemination (420 heifers) were recorded twice and 75 cows on 9 different farms were tested on 16 occasions during lactation.

Wide variation existed in peak flow (x = 2.13,σ= 0.70, C.V. = 33 %) and average flow (x = 1.70,σ= 0.58, C.V. = 34%). From paternal half-sib correlations, high heritability estimates of 0.65 ± 0.11 and 0.56 ± 0.10 were found for these features. Selection on peak flow could be especially effective. An accurate progeny test could be based on a sample of 25 daughters, while individual cows (bull dams) could be tested very accurately with 4 test milkings (repeatability 0.7). A correction for a standard milk yield of 7 kg was necessary for comparison.

There was a sufficient variation in percentage milk in fore quarters x = 43.5,σ= 6.05, but heritability was lower (0.26 ± 0.28). No significant correlation was found with peak flow, machine time and quantity of stripping. Selection on this character was of minor importance.

The average stripping yield by hand was 361 ml with wide variation, but very low heritability (0. 12 ± 0.24). Selection on this character was almost impossible.

Original languageDutch
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Stegenga, T., Promotor, External person
Award date3 Jul 1963
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789022000885
Publication statusPublished - 1963
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cattle
  • dairy breeds
  • productivity
  • profitability
  • animal husbandry
  • netherlands
  • friesland

Cite this

Keestra, J. (1963). Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland. Wageningen: Pudoc.
Keestra, J.. / Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland. Wageningen : Pudoc, 1963. 153 p.
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title = "Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland",
abstract = "Various aspects of the ease of milking of more than a thousand cows were studied with a Gascoigne individual-quarter milking machine (pulsation ratio 3:1, pulsation rate 60 cycles per minute). Progeny groups from 17 bulls used in artificial insemination (420 heifers) were recorded twice and 75 cows on 9 different farms were tested on 16 occasions during lactation.Wide variation existed in peak flow (x = 2.13,σ= 0.70, C.V. = 33 {\%}) and average flow (x = 1.70,σ= 0.58, C.V. = 34{\%}). From paternal half-sib correlations, high heritability estimates of 0.65 ± 0.11 and 0.56 ± 0.10 were found for these features. Selection on peak flow could be especially effective. An accurate progeny test could be based on a sample of 25 daughters, while individual cows (bull dams) could be tested very accurately with 4 test milkings (repeatability 0.7). A correction for a standard milk yield of 7 kg was necessary for comparison.There was a sufficient variation in percentage milk in fore quarters x = 43.5,σ= 6.05, but heritability was lower (0.26 ± 0.28). No significant correlation was found with peak flow, machine time and quantity of stripping. Selection on this character was of minor importance.The average stripping yield by hand was 361 ml with wide variation, but very low heritability (0. 12 ± 0.24). Selection on this character was almost impossible.",
keywords = "rundvee, melkveerassen, productiviteit, rentabiliteit, dierhouderij, nederland, friesland, cattle, dairy breeds, productivity, profitability, animal husbandry, netherlands, friesland",
author = "J. Keestra",
note = "WU thesis 351 Proefschrift Wageningen",
year = "1963",
language = "Dutch",
isbn = "9789022000885",
publisher = "Pudoc",
school = "Wageningen University",

}

Keestra, J 1963, 'Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland', Doctor of Philosophy, Wageningen University, Wageningen.

Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland. / Keestra, J.

Wageningen : Pudoc, 1963. 153 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

TY - THES

T1 - Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland

AU - Keestra, J.

N1 - WU thesis 351 Proefschrift Wageningen

PY - 1963

Y1 - 1963

N2 - Various aspects of the ease of milking of more than a thousand cows were studied with a Gascoigne individual-quarter milking machine (pulsation ratio 3:1, pulsation rate 60 cycles per minute). Progeny groups from 17 bulls used in artificial insemination (420 heifers) were recorded twice and 75 cows on 9 different farms were tested on 16 occasions during lactation.Wide variation existed in peak flow (x = 2.13,σ= 0.70, C.V. = 33 %) and average flow (x = 1.70,σ= 0.58, C.V. = 34%). From paternal half-sib correlations, high heritability estimates of 0.65 ± 0.11 and 0.56 ± 0.10 were found for these features. Selection on peak flow could be especially effective. An accurate progeny test could be based on a sample of 25 daughters, while individual cows (bull dams) could be tested very accurately with 4 test milkings (repeatability 0.7). A correction for a standard milk yield of 7 kg was necessary for comparison.There was a sufficient variation in percentage milk in fore quarters x = 43.5,σ= 6.05, but heritability was lower (0.26 ± 0.28). No significant correlation was found with peak flow, machine time and quantity of stripping. Selection on this character was of minor importance.The average stripping yield by hand was 361 ml with wide variation, but very low heritability (0. 12 ± 0.24). Selection on this character was almost impossible.

AB - Various aspects of the ease of milking of more than a thousand cows were studied with a Gascoigne individual-quarter milking machine (pulsation ratio 3:1, pulsation rate 60 cycles per minute). Progeny groups from 17 bulls used in artificial insemination (420 heifers) were recorded twice and 75 cows on 9 different farms were tested on 16 occasions during lactation.Wide variation existed in peak flow (x = 2.13,σ= 0.70, C.V. = 33 %) and average flow (x = 1.70,σ= 0.58, C.V. = 34%). From paternal half-sib correlations, high heritability estimates of 0.65 ± 0.11 and 0.56 ± 0.10 were found for these features. Selection on peak flow could be especially effective. An accurate progeny test could be based on a sample of 25 daughters, while individual cows (bull dams) could be tested very accurately with 4 test milkings (repeatability 0.7). A correction for a standard milk yield of 7 kg was necessary for comparison.There was a sufficient variation in percentage milk in fore quarters x = 43.5,σ= 6.05, but heritability was lower (0.26 ± 0.28). No significant correlation was found with peak flow, machine time and quantity of stripping. Selection on this character was of minor importance.The average stripping yield by hand was 361 ml with wide variation, but very low heritability (0. 12 ± 0.24). Selection on this character was almost impossible.

KW - rundvee

KW - melkveerassen

KW - productiviteit

KW - rentabiliteit

KW - dierhouderij

KW - nederland

KW - friesland

KW - cattle

KW - dairy breeds

KW - productivity

KW - profitability

KW - animal husbandry

KW - netherlands

KW - friesland

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789022000885

PB - Pudoc

CY - Wageningen

ER -

Keestra J. Melkbaarheidsonderzoek bij het zwartbonte vee in Friesland. Wageningen: Pudoc, 1963. 153 p.