Medium and long-term opportunities and risk of the biotechnological production of bulk chemicals from renewable resources - The potential of white biotechnology

M. Patel, M. Crank, V. Dornberg, B. Hermann, L. Roes, B. Hüsing, L.S. van Overbeek, F. Terragni, E. Recchia

    Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

    Abstract

    This report studies processes which convert biomass-derived feedstocks (e.g. fermentable sugar) into organic bulk chemicals (e.g. lactic acid, acetic acid, butanol and ethanol) by means of white biotechnology (e.g. fermentation or enzymatic conversion), either with or without genetically modified organisms. Apart from white biotechnology, also conventional chemistry is involved in all processes. All white biotechnology products are compared to functionally equivalent petrochemical products. The key research questions addressed in this report are which products could be made with white biotechnology, whether these products can contribute to savings of energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, under which conditions the products become economically viable, which risks may originate from a shift towards white biotechnology chemicals including the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in fermentation and what the public perception is.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationUtrecht
    PublisherUtrecht University, Department of Science, Technology and Society (STS) / Copernicus Institute
    Number of pages452
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Keywords

    • biobased chemistry
    • biobased economy
    • biotechnology
    • chemical processes
    • environmental impact
    • sustainability
    • economic viability
    • acceptability
    • risk analysis
    • genetically engineered microorganisms
    • feasibility studies

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Medium and long-term opportunities and risk of the biotechnological production of bulk chemicals from renewable resources - The potential of white biotechnology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this