Measurements and Observations in the XXI century (MOXXI): innovation and multi-disciplinarity to sense the hydrological cycle

Flavia Tauro*, John Selker, Nick van de Giesen, Tommaso Abrate, Remko Uijlenhoet, Maurizio Porfiri, Salvatore Manfreda, Kelly Caylor, Tommaso Moramarco, Jerome Benveniste, Giuseppe Ciraolo, Lyndon Estes, Alessio Domeneghetti, Matthew T. Perks, Chiara Corbari, Ehsan Rabiei, Giovanni Ravazzani, Heye Bogena, Antoine Harfouche, Luca BroccaAntonino Maltese, Andy Wickert, Angelica Tarpanelli, Stephen Good, Jose Manuel Lopez Alcala, Andrea Petroselli, Christophe Cudennec, Theresa Blume, Rolf Hut, Salvatore Grimaldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


To promote the advancement of novel observation techniques that may lead to new sources of information to help better understand the hydrological cycle, the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) established the Measurements and Observations in the XXI century (MOXXI) Working Group in July 2013. The group comprises a growing community of tech-enthusiastic hydrologists that design and develop their own sensing systems, adopt a multi-disciplinary perspective in tackling complex observations, often use low-cost equipment intended for other applications to build innovative sensors, or perform opportunistic measurements. This paper states the objectives of the group and reviews major advances carried out by MOXXI members toward the advancement of hydrological sciences. Challenges and opportunities are outlined to provide strategic guidance for advancement of measurement, and thus discovery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-196
JournalHydrological Sciences Journal
Issue number2
Early online date19 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • experimental hydrology
  • hydrological measurements
  • IAHS
  • innovation
  • measurements and Observations in the XXI century (MOXXI)
  • sensors


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