Mass production, storage, shipment and release of natural enemies

J.C. van Lenteren, M.G. Tommasini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Mass production of natural enemies started in the 1940s and quickly developed thereafter. These developments were mainly triggered by trying to economize rearing and making biological control more competitive when compared with other pest-control methods. Storage of natural enemies is only possible for very short periods, with the exception of species for which it is known how to start and terminate diapause. Initially, the collection, shipment and release of biological control agents were rather amateurish, but enormous progress has also been made in this area. Many natural-enemy species can now be produced at competitive costs, resulting in increased use of biological pest control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuality control and production of biological control agents: theory and testing procedures
EditorsJ.C. van Lenteren
Place of PublicationOxon
PublisherCABI Publishing
ISBN (Print)9780851996882
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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