Market-based mechanisms for biodiversity conservation: a review of existing schemes and an outline for a global mechanism

I. Alvarado Quesada, L.G. Hein, H.P. Weikard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuous decline of biodiversity over the past decades suggests that efforts to decrease biodiversity loss have been insufficient. One option to deal with this problem is the use of market-based mechanisms for biodiversity conservation. Several studies have analysed such mechanisms individually, but there is no comprehensive review with a comparative assessment of the performance of various mechanisms. This paper presents (i) an analysis of the economic conditions under which markets for biodiversity can be expected to function; (ii) an analysis of the efficiency of five selected biodiversity markets in the light of market and contract theory; and (iii) an assessment of the potential to scale up local or national payment mechanisms for biodiversity conservation. Our analysis shows the difficulties that market-based mechanisms face, among which are the need to ensure long-term conservation and the lack of a standardized unit of measurement for biodiversity. We provide a number of recommendations on how to overcome these difficulties. We argue that the set-up of a global registry embedded within the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity would facilitate measurement, reporting and verification of biodiversity credits to support market-based mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • ecosystem services
  • banking
  • management
  • offsets

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