Map position and functional allelic diversity of Md-Exp7, a new putative expansin gene associated with fruit softening in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) and pear (Pyrus communis)

F. Costa, W.E. van de Weg, S. Stella, L. Dondini, D. Pratesi, S. Musacchi, S. Sansavini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    65 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fruit ripening can be considered as a complex set of biochemical and physiological changes occurring at the end of the developmental stage. Ripe fruit texture notably affects overall quality and consumer appreciation. Excessive softening limits shelf-life and storability, thereby increasing disease susceptibility and economic loss. Fruit softening is a process due to the depolymerisation of different polysaccharide classes, an event controlled by a synergic and coordinated action of several enzymes among which expansins play a fundamental role. To date, six expansin genes are known to be expressed during apple fruit ontogeny, from full bloom up to fruit ripening. We identified a novel expansin apple homolog (Md-Exp7) sharing high sequence similarity with specific-ripening expansin genes of other crops. A functional marker (Md-Exp7SSR) based on an SSR motif located within the untranslated region of the gene was developed and mapped on Linkage Group 1 of the apple and pear genomes in a region where one major apple QTL for fruit firmness had been previously identified. The allelic composition of 31 apple varieties for the SSR marker was associated with differences in fruit softening
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)575-586
    JournalTree Genetics and Genomes
    Volume4
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • quantitative trait loci
    • cell-wall
    • pumila mill.
    • ethylene production
    • scab resistance
    • vf source
    • microsatellites
    • expression
    • md-acs1
    • plants

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