Manipulation of microtubers for direct field utilization in seed production

K. Pruski, T. Astatkie, P. Duplessis, L. Stewart, J. Nowak, P.C. Struik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-year field study was conducted to determine the effects of jasmonic acid (JA), light (during in vitro explant production and in vitro tuberization phases), and dormancy-breaking treatment on performance of microtubers in the production of seed tubers (pre-elite) in five potato cultivars. Microtubers were produced under short day (8-h) conditions and in darkness, from stock plantlets pre-treated with JA and untreated, and on tuberization media with or without JA. Microtuber performance was compared to in vitro plantlets transplanted directly to the field. Yields of tubers from microtubers were 30% to 40% of those from plantlets. Microtubers of cultivars Amisk and Russet Burbank produced the highest yields of pre-elite tubers. Atlantic microtubers performed poorly in the field. JA pre-treatment of stock plantlets, prior to in vitro tuberization, enhanced seeds tuber production from microtubers in Russet Burbank and lowered in Shepody. JA presence in media during in vitro tuberization significantly lowered production of tubers while exposure to 8-h light resulted in microtubers performing significantly better in the field than microtubers produced in the dark. Dormancy release was the key factor influencing microtuber performance. Unlike greenhouse studies, gibberellic acid (GA(3)) was more effective than Rindite. A further refinement of the production and handling methods is required before microtubers can be recommended for field production of seed tubers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-181
JournalAmerican Journal of Potato Research
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • in-vitro tuberization
  • jasmonic acid
  • potato microtubers
  • growth
  • induction
  • dormancy
  • invitro
  • performance
  • rindite
  • culture

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