Managing Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa prunings for crop production and improved soil properties in the sub-Sudanian zone of Burkina-Faso

J. Bayala, A. Mando, E. Ouédraogo, Z. Teklehaimanot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tree pruning generates organic resources whose nitrogen content is not always recycled appropriately. A field experiment was conducted in the central plateau of Burkina Faso to test the possibilities of improving soil properties and crop production through the application of Parkia biglobosa (néré) and Vitellaria paradoxa (karité) prunings as mulch. Two rates of leaf material of each species were applied and compared with a control (without mulch). Each treatment was repeated four times. Positions from the trees (around the trunk, eastern side, western side and outside the crown) were considered as blocks in a randomized blocks design. The physical and chemical properties of soil were measured during the second year whereas millet production was assessed over two cropping seasons. Two laboratory experiments were conducted with leachates of the leaves of each species to test the possible inhibition of crop germination or growth. The results of the field experiment showed a depressing effect of the mulch of Parkia biglobosa by 33% for millet grain yield and by 21% for total dry matter. However, Vitellaria paradoxa mulch increased grain yield by 120% and total dry matter by 43%. Ponding time and total C content were higher on plots that received the highest amount of leaves of both species. In the laboratory experiments, germination of sorghum seeds treated with leachate of 50 g of the leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa in 250 mL distilled water was reduced by 37% whereas the reduction was only 19% for the leachate of the leaves of Parkia biglobosa. It was concluded that, at least in the short term, millet production could be improved through the application of Vitellaria paradoxa mulch.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-296
JournalArid Land Research and Management
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Vitellaria paradoxa
Parkia biglobosa
Burkina Faso
pruning
mulch
crop production
soil properties
soil property
millet
millets
leachates
leachate
leaves
dry matter
germination
grain yield
sorghum
soil chemical properties
nitrogen content
tree crown

Keywords

  • west-africa
  • jacq benth
  • nere
  • trees
  • fertility
  • systems

Cite this

@article{50920755037a4954830a9efd40f33912,
title = "Managing Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa prunings for crop production and improved soil properties in the sub-Sudanian zone of Burkina-Faso",
abstract = "Tree pruning generates organic resources whose nitrogen content is not always recycled appropriately. A field experiment was conducted in the central plateau of Burkina Faso to test the possibilities of improving soil properties and crop production through the application of Parkia biglobosa (n{\'e}r{\'e}) and Vitellaria paradoxa (karit{\'e}) prunings as mulch. Two rates of leaf material of each species were applied and compared with a control (without mulch). Each treatment was repeated four times. Positions from the trees (around the trunk, eastern side, western side and outside the crown) were considered as blocks in a randomized blocks design. The physical and chemical properties of soil were measured during the second year whereas millet production was assessed over two cropping seasons. Two laboratory experiments were conducted with leachates of the leaves of each species to test the possible inhibition of crop germination or growth. The results of the field experiment showed a depressing effect of the mulch of Parkia biglobosa by 33{\%} for millet grain yield and by 21{\%} for total dry matter. However, Vitellaria paradoxa mulch increased grain yield by 120{\%} and total dry matter by 43{\%}. Ponding time and total C content were higher on plots that received the highest amount of leaves of both species. In the laboratory experiments, germination of sorghum seeds treated with leachate of 50 g of the leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa in 250 mL distilled water was reduced by 37{\%} whereas the reduction was only 19{\%} for the leachate of the leaves of Parkia biglobosa. It was concluded that, at least in the short term, millet production could be improved through the application of Vitellaria paradoxa mulch.",
keywords = "west-africa, jacq benth, nere, trees, fertility, systems",
author = "J. Bayala and A. Mando and E. Ou{\'e}draogo and Z. Teklehaimanot",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1080/15324980301596",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "283--296",
journal = "Arid Land Research and Management",
issn = "1532-4982",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

Managing Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa prunings for crop production and improved soil properties in the sub-Sudanian zone of Burkina-Faso. / Bayala, J.; Mando, A.; Ouédraogo, E.; Teklehaimanot, Z.

In: Arid Land Research and Management, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, p. 283-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Managing Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa prunings for crop production and improved soil properties in the sub-Sudanian zone of Burkina-Faso

AU - Bayala, J.

AU - Mando, A.

AU - Ouédraogo, E.

AU - Teklehaimanot, Z.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Tree pruning generates organic resources whose nitrogen content is not always recycled appropriately. A field experiment was conducted in the central plateau of Burkina Faso to test the possibilities of improving soil properties and crop production through the application of Parkia biglobosa (néré) and Vitellaria paradoxa (karité) prunings as mulch. Two rates of leaf material of each species were applied and compared with a control (without mulch). Each treatment was repeated four times. Positions from the trees (around the trunk, eastern side, western side and outside the crown) were considered as blocks in a randomized blocks design. The physical and chemical properties of soil were measured during the second year whereas millet production was assessed over two cropping seasons. Two laboratory experiments were conducted with leachates of the leaves of each species to test the possible inhibition of crop germination or growth. The results of the field experiment showed a depressing effect of the mulch of Parkia biglobosa by 33% for millet grain yield and by 21% for total dry matter. However, Vitellaria paradoxa mulch increased grain yield by 120% and total dry matter by 43%. Ponding time and total C content were higher on plots that received the highest amount of leaves of both species. In the laboratory experiments, germination of sorghum seeds treated with leachate of 50 g of the leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa in 250 mL distilled water was reduced by 37% whereas the reduction was only 19% for the leachate of the leaves of Parkia biglobosa. It was concluded that, at least in the short term, millet production could be improved through the application of Vitellaria paradoxa mulch.

AB - Tree pruning generates organic resources whose nitrogen content is not always recycled appropriately. A field experiment was conducted in the central plateau of Burkina Faso to test the possibilities of improving soil properties and crop production through the application of Parkia biglobosa (néré) and Vitellaria paradoxa (karité) prunings as mulch. Two rates of leaf material of each species were applied and compared with a control (without mulch). Each treatment was repeated four times. Positions from the trees (around the trunk, eastern side, western side and outside the crown) were considered as blocks in a randomized blocks design. The physical and chemical properties of soil were measured during the second year whereas millet production was assessed over two cropping seasons. Two laboratory experiments were conducted with leachates of the leaves of each species to test the possible inhibition of crop germination or growth. The results of the field experiment showed a depressing effect of the mulch of Parkia biglobosa by 33% for millet grain yield and by 21% for total dry matter. However, Vitellaria paradoxa mulch increased grain yield by 120% and total dry matter by 43%. Ponding time and total C content were higher on plots that received the highest amount of leaves of both species. In the laboratory experiments, germination of sorghum seeds treated with leachate of 50 g of the leaves of Vitellaria paradoxa in 250 mL distilled water was reduced by 37% whereas the reduction was only 19% for the leachate of the leaves of Parkia biglobosa. It was concluded that, at least in the short term, millet production could be improved through the application of Vitellaria paradoxa mulch.

KW - west-africa

KW - jacq benth

KW - nere

KW - trees

KW - fertility

KW - systems

U2 - 10.1080/15324980301596

DO - 10.1080/15324980301596

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 283

EP - 296

JO - Arid Land Research and Management

JF - Arid Land Research and Management

SN - 1532-4982

IS - 3

ER -