Managerial and program inefficiency for European meat manufacturing firms: A dynamic multidirectional inefficiency analysis approach

Magdalena Kapelko*, Alfons Oude Lansink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper proposes a dynamic multidirectional inefficiency analysis approach within the context of Data Envelopment Analysis to measuring input- and investment-specific managerial and program inefficiency for groups of firms characterized by different technologies. Dynamic managerial inefficiency refers to the distance to the firms’ group-specific dynamic frontier of best practices, and dynamic program inefficiency measures the difference between the group-specific dynamic frontier and the pooled dynamic frontier. The empirical application focuses on panel data of large meat processing firms in Eastern, Western and Southern Europe over the period 2005–2012. The results show that Eastern European firms have the highest dynamic managerial inefficiency for all inputs, but have the smallest values for dynamic program inefficiency. Western European firms perform worst in terms of program inefficiency for all inputs, while Southern European firms are the best with regard to dynamic managerial inefficiency. The results also reveal that regardless the dynamic inefficiency dimension considered, investments is the most inefficient input, followed by labor, and materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-36
JournalJournal of Productivity Analysis
Issue number1
Early online date17 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018



  • Data Envelopment Analysis
  • Dynamic inefficiency
  • Managerial inefficiency
  • Meat processing industry
  • Multi-directional inefficiency
  • Program inefficiency

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