This paper presents a theoretical and methodological review of the literature relevant for the management of eutrophicated coastal ecosystems. First, we define a coastal ecosystem and argue that coastal ecosystem pollution is characterised by multiple, interacting, heterogeneous emissions at different, interdependent locations. We pay special attention to the fact that pollutant transports and transformations are stochastic due to variations in weather and other natural processes. In the second part of the paper we review various methodological aspects. First we characterise the basic approach which usually comes down to minimising total costs subject to a restriction on the loads of a single pollutant in a static setting. Next we consider various extensions, notably in terms of geographical scale, dynamics, multiple pollutants and uncertainty. Finally, we introduce the papers that make up the special issue. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
- baltic sea
- policy implications
- chance constraints
Folmer, H., Elofsson, K., & Gren, I. M. (2003). Management of eutrophicated coastal ecosystems: a synopsis of the literature with emphasis on theory and methodology. Ecological Economics, 47(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2003.09.001