Making the Port of Antwerp more natural; ecological infrastructure network for the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) on the left bank of the Scheldt, Application of the LARCH model to the natterjack toad in the Port of Antwerp on the left bank of the Scheldt as basis for the sustainable conservation of the species

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


On the grounds of the Antwerp Port Authority, economic activities and nature co-exist in close proximity. To give nature a chance of survival, also into the future, the Port Authority, in collaboration with Natuurpunt, set itself the goal of establishing a network of ecological infrastructure. With this, a positive contribution is being made to nature objectives. Among the species found in and around the port is the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita), a species protected in the EU Habitat Directive. Against this backdrop, the NEW!Delta Project in the framework of the EU Interreg IIIB program offers excellent opportunities for sustainable conservation of the natterjack toad population on the left bank of the Scheldt. To bring this about, the LARCH expert system was used. The results led to a proposal for the measures needed and alternative spatial configurations to ensure the preservation of this protected species.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
Number of pages60
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1566-7197



  • habitats
  • toads
  • nature conservation
  • habitats directive
  • harbours
  • flanders

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