Making Sense of EU State-aid Requirements; The case of Green Services

P.J. Zwaan, H.J.M. Goverde

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademicpeer-review


This article describes the establishment of a new local governance arrangement called `Green Service¿ in the Netherlands. Under this programme, farmers are financially rewarded - by both public and private bodies - for their nature and landscape management and development activities. Despite a general positive stance, it has taken considerable efforts and time for these programmes to take off, in particular due to uncertainties and discussions on whether these activities would be feasible under the EU state aid regime. The multi level setting in which these rules had to be complied with contributed much to the long lasting discussion on how to interpret these rules and threatened the credibility of this new governance arrangement. We will describe and explain this process by using a so-called `processual institutional¿ approach and more specifically by drawing on the socio-cognitive literature on conflict escalation (Pruitt and Rubin 1986; Rubin, Pruitt et al. 1994).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventEGPA Conference 2008 -
Duration: 3 Sep 20086 Sep 2008


ConferenceEGPA Conference 2008

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