Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands

J.J. Schroder, G.D. Vermeulen, J.R. van der Schoot, W. van Dijk, J.F.M. Huijsmans, G.J.H.M. Meuffels, D.A. van der Schans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of positioned mineral fertilizer phosphorus (P) starters reduces the risk of yield penalties in maize production. However, it also increases the soil P surplus and attendant risk of P losses to the environment, in particular on farms with ample supplies of livestock manures. We examined whether routine applications of starter P can be refrained from if manure is injected in subsurface bands close to the anticipated position of the maize rows as an alternative to the conventional even injection at random lateral positions relative to the rows. Fourteen field experiments were executed on sandy soils in The Netherlands. In these experiments comparisons were made of the nitrogen (N) and P-concentrations in shoots and of dry matter (DM), N and P-yields over time, between evenly injected liquid manure (with and without starter P) and band-injected liquid manure. Silage yields of DM, N and P generally responded positively (P <0.05) to starter P applied at a rate of 9–31 kg per hectare where manure had been applied at rates of circa 120 kg N and circa 20 kg P per hectare, but less so when the manure was band-injected. This positive response to P was not reflected in the concentration of P in shoots. Positioning of manure via band-injection without extra starter P resulted in silage maize dry matter yields that were similar to yields after even injection combined with a P-starter. Band-injection improved the recovery of the N and P (P <0.05) supplied by the manure and reduced the soil surpluses of N and P. Planting maize close to bands where liquid manure had been injected, thus increased silage yields and contributed to a better balance between the inputs and outputs of plant nutrients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
JournalEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

animal manures
manure
maize
liquid manure
corn
silage
injection
dry matter
surpluses
shoot
shoots
corn silage
mineral fertilizers
sandy soil
sandy soils
positioning
livestock
soil
Netherlands
fertilizer

Keywords

  • field-grown maize
  • zea-mays l
  • cattle slurry
  • mineral fertilizer
  • soil-temperature
  • silage maize
  • nitrogen
  • phosphorus
  • placement
  • netherlands

Cite this

Schroder, J.J. ; Vermeulen, G.D. ; van der Schoot, J.R. ; van Dijk, W. ; Huijsmans, J.F.M. ; Meuffels, G.J.H.M. ; van der Schans, D.A. / Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands. In: European Journal of Agronomy. 2015 ; Vol. 64. pp. 29-36.
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title = "Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands",
abstract = "The use of positioned mineral fertilizer phosphorus (P) starters reduces the risk of yield penalties in maize production. However, it also increases the soil P surplus and attendant risk of P losses to the environment, in particular on farms with ample supplies of livestock manures. We examined whether routine applications of starter P can be refrained from if manure is injected in subsurface bands close to the anticipated position of the maize rows as an alternative to the conventional even injection at random lateral positions relative to the rows. Fourteen field experiments were executed on sandy soils in The Netherlands. In these experiments comparisons were made of the nitrogen (N) and P-concentrations in shoots and of dry matter (DM), N and P-yields over time, between evenly injected liquid manure (with and without starter P) and band-injected liquid manure. Silage yields of DM, N and P generally responded positively (P <0.05) to starter P applied at a rate of 9–31 kg per hectare where manure had been applied at rates of circa 120 kg N and circa 20 kg P per hectare, but less so when the manure was band-injected. This positive response to P was not reflected in the concentration of P in shoots. Positioning of manure via band-injection without extra starter P resulted in silage maize dry matter yields that were similar to yields after even injection combined with a P-starter. Band-injection improved the recovery of the N and P (P <0.05) supplied by the manure and reduced the soil surpluses of N and P. Planting maize close to bands where liquid manure had been injected, thus increased silage yields and contributed to a better balance between the inputs and outputs of plant nutrients.",
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author = "J.J. Schroder and G.D. Vermeulen and {van der Schoot}, J.R. and {van Dijk}, W. and J.F.M. Huijsmans and G.J.H.M. Meuffels and {van der Schans}, D.A.",
year = "2015",
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language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "29--36",
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Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands. / Schroder, J.J.; Vermeulen, G.D.; van der Schoot, J.R.; van Dijk, W.; Huijsmans, J.F.M.; Meuffels, G.J.H.M.; van der Schans, D.A.

In: European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 64, 2015, p. 29-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands

AU - Schroder, J.J.

AU - Vermeulen, G.D.

AU - van der Schoot, J.R.

AU - van Dijk, W.

AU - Huijsmans, J.F.M.

AU - Meuffels, G.J.H.M.

AU - van der Schans, D.A.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The use of positioned mineral fertilizer phosphorus (P) starters reduces the risk of yield penalties in maize production. However, it also increases the soil P surplus and attendant risk of P losses to the environment, in particular on farms with ample supplies of livestock manures. We examined whether routine applications of starter P can be refrained from if manure is injected in subsurface bands close to the anticipated position of the maize rows as an alternative to the conventional even injection at random lateral positions relative to the rows. Fourteen field experiments were executed on sandy soils in The Netherlands. In these experiments comparisons were made of the nitrogen (N) and P-concentrations in shoots and of dry matter (DM), N and P-yields over time, between evenly injected liquid manure (with and without starter P) and band-injected liquid manure. Silage yields of DM, N and P generally responded positively (P <0.05) to starter P applied at a rate of 9–31 kg per hectare where manure had been applied at rates of circa 120 kg N and circa 20 kg P per hectare, but less so when the manure was band-injected. This positive response to P was not reflected in the concentration of P in shoots. Positioning of manure via band-injection without extra starter P resulted in silage maize dry matter yields that were similar to yields after even injection combined with a P-starter. Band-injection improved the recovery of the N and P (P <0.05) supplied by the manure and reduced the soil surpluses of N and P. Planting maize close to bands where liquid manure had been injected, thus increased silage yields and contributed to a better balance between the inputs and outputs of plant nutrients.

AB - The use of positioned mineral fertilizer phosphorus (P) starters reduces the risk of yield penalties in maize production. However, it also increases the soil P surplus and attendant risk of P losses to the environment, in particular on farms with ample supplies of livestock manures. We examined whether routine applications of starter P can be refrained from if manure is injected in subsurface bands close to the anticipated position of the maize rows as an alternative to the conventional even injection at random lateral positions relative to the rows. Fourteen field experiments were executed on sandy soils in The Netherlands. In these experiments comparisons were made of the nitrogen (N) and P-concentrations in shoots and of dry matter (DM), N and P-yields over time, between evenly injected liquid manure (with and without starter P) and band-injected liquid manure. Silage yields of DM, N and P generally responded positively (P <0.05) to starter P applied at a rate of 9–31 kg per hectare where manure had been applied at rates of circa 120 kg N and circa 20 kg P per hectare, but less so when the manure was band-injected. This positive response to P was not reflected in the concentration of P in shoots. Positioning of manure via band-injection without extra starter P resulted in silage maize dry matter yields that were similar to yields after even injection combined with a P-starter. Band-injection improved the recovery of the N and P (P <0.05) supplied by the manure and reduced the soil surpluses of N and P. Planting maize close to bands where liquid manure had been injected, thus increased silage yields and contributed to a better balance between the inputs and outputs of plant nutrients.

KW - field-grown maize

KW - zea-mays l

KW - cattle slurry

KW - mineral fertilizer

KW - soil-temperature

KW - silage maize

KW - nitrogen

KW - phosphorus

KW - placement

KW - netherlands

U2 - 10.1016/j.eja.2014.12.011

DO - 10.1016/j.eja.2014.12.011

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 29

EP - 36

JO - European Journal of Agronomy

JF - European Journal of Agronomy

SN - 1161-0301

ER -