A survey was carried out at 157 sites, situated in pools and small lakes in the province of Overijssel (The Netherlands), to describe the macro-invertebrate community and their environment. A total of 61 environmental viriables was measured at each sampling site. The main aim was to described a regional ecological typology of ponds and small lakes. Multivariate analysis techniques are appropriate in data analysis for typological purposes. Different multivariate analysis techniques (FLEXCLUS, NODES, DCCA, PCA) were used in combination with ecological information on individual taxa to derive and describe site groups in terms of taxon composition and mean environmental conditions. The resulting site groups were termed cenotypes. Nine cenotypes were distinguished among the ponds and small lakes. The main differences between the cenotypes were related to duration of drought, acidity, morphology and nutrient load. In particular, the four cenotypes within the group of stagnant, pH-neutral ponds/lakes showed an overlap in taxon composition. These cenotypes represent a web-shaped continuum dominated by dimensions (relation of width to depth), nutrient load, and bottom composition (especially mesotrophic peat). The most important anthropogenic processes are acidification, eutrophication, and changes in the original hydrology.
- multivariate analysis
- small lake