Low numbers of repeat units in variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) regions of white spot syndrome virus are correlated with disease outbreaks

H. Tran Thi Tuyet, M.P. Zwart, N.T. Phuong, M.C.M. de Jong, J.M. Vlak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the most important pathogen in shrimp farming systems worldwide including the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The genome of WSSV is characterized by the presence of two major 'indel regions' found at ORF14/15 and ORF23/24 (WSSV-Thailand) and three regions with variable number tandem repeats (VNTR) located in ORF75, ORF94 and ORF125. In the current study, we investigated whether or not the number of repeat units in the VNTRs correlates with virus outbreak status and/or shrimp farming practice. We analysed 662 WSSV samples from individual WSSV-infected Penaeus monodon shrimp from 104 ponds collected from two important shrimp farming regions of the Mekong Delta: Ca Mau and Bac Lieu. Using this large data set and statistical analysis, we found that for ORF94 and ORF125, the mean number of repeat units (RUs) in VNTRs was significantly lower in disease outbreak ponds than in non-outbreak ponds. Although a higher mean RU number was observed in the improved-extensive system than in the rice-shrimp or semi-intensive systems, these differences were not significant. VNTR sequences are thus not only useful markers for studying WSSV genotypes and populations, but specific VNTR variants also correlate with disease outbreaks in shrimp farming systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-826
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • repetitive dna-sequences
  • complete genome sequence
  • ribonucleotide reductase
  • penaeus-monodon
  • in-vivo
  • shrimp
  • virulence
  • wssv
  • identification
  • pathogenicity

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