Low anemia prevalence in school-aged children in Bangalore, South India: possible effect of school health initiatives

S. Muthayya, P. Thankachan, M.B. Zimmermann, M. Andersson, A. Eilander, D. Misquith, R.F. Hurrell, A.V. Kurpad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Anemia is a serious public health problem in Indian school children. Since 2003, simple health intervention programs such as antihelminthic treatment and vitamin A supplementation have been implemented in primary schools in the Bangalore region, Karnataka, India. This study examines the prevalence of anemia in school children who are beneficiaries of this program. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Bangalore district, South India. Subjects: A total of 2030 boys and girls, aged 5-15 years, attending schools in the Bangalore district. Interventions: School-based, twice yearly intervention: deworming (albendazole 400mg, single oral dose) and vitamin A supplementation (200 000 ¿U, single oral dose). Main outcome measures: Anemia prevalence based on measure of blood hemoglobin (Hb). Results: Mean age and blood Hb concentration of all children were 9.5±2.6 years and 12.6±1.1 g/dl (range 5.6-16.7), respectively. The overall anemia prevalence in this group was 13.6%. Anemia prevalence was lower in boys than girls (12.0%; n=1037 vs 15.3%; n = 993 respectively, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-869
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • vitamin-a-deficiency
  • hemoglobin concentrations
  • anthelmintic treatment
  • iron-deficiency
  • growth
  • supplementation

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