Long term plant biomonitoring in the vicinity of waste incinerators in The Netherlands

C.J. van Dijk, W. van Doorn, A.J. van Alfen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the mid-nineties new waste incineration plants have come into operation in the Netherlands. Burning of waste can result in the emission of potentially toxic compounds. Although the incineration plants must comply with strict conditions concerning emission control, public concern on the possible impact on human health and the environment still exists. Multiple year (2004–2013) biomonitoring programs were set up around three waste incinerators for early detection of possible effects of stack emissions on the quality of crops and agricultural products. The results showed that the emissions did not affect the quality of crops and cow milk. Concentrations of heavy metals, PAHs and dioxins/PCBs were generally similar to background levels and did not exceed standards for maximum allowable concentrations in foodstuffs (e.g. vegetables and cow milk). Some exceedances of the fluoride standard for cattle feed were found almost every year in the maximum deposition areas of two incinerators. Biomonitoring with leafy vegetables can be used to monitor the real impact of these emissions on agricultural crops and to communicate with all stakeholders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
JournalChemosphere
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Agricultural Crops
Incineration
Refuse incinerators
Environmental Monitoring
biomonitoring
Vegetables
Netherlands
Crops
Milk
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Dioxins
Poisons
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Heavy Metals
incineration
Fluorides
milk
crop
Agricultural products
Waste incineration

Keywords

  • refuse incinerator
  • heavy-metals
  • dioxins
  • health
  • bioindicators
  • cadmium
  • lead

Cite this

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title = "Long term plant biomonitoring in the vicinity of waste incinerators in The Netherlands",
abstract = "Since the mid-nineties new waste incineration plants have come into operation in the Netherlands. Burning of waste can result in the emission of potentially toxic compounds. Although the incineration plants must comply with strict conditions concerning emission control, public concern on the possible impact on human health and the environment still exists. Multiple year (2004–2013) biomonitoring programs were set up around three waste incinerators for early detection of possible effects of stack emissions on the quality of crops and agricultural products. The results showed that the emissions did not affect the quality of crops and cow milk. Concentrations of heavy metals, PAHs and dioxins/PCBs were generally similar to background levels and did not exceed standards for maximum allowable concentrations in foodstuffs (e.g. vegetables and cow milk). Some exceedances of the fluoride standard for cattle feed were found almost every year in the maximum deposition areas of two incinerators. Biomonitoring with leafy vegetables can be used to monitor the real impact of these emissions on agricultural crops and to communicate with all stakeholders.",
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author = "{van Dijk}, C.J. and {van Doorn}, W. and {van Alfen}, A.J.",
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Long term plant biomonitoring in the vicinity of waste incinerators in The Netherlands. / van Dijk, C.J.; van Doorn, W.; van Alfen, A.J.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 122, 2015, p. 45-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long term plant biomonitoring in the vicinity of waste incinerators in The Netherlands

AU - van Dijk, C.J.

AU - van Doorn, W.

AU - van Alfen, A.J.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Since the mid-nineties new waste incineration plants have come into operation in the Netherlands. Burning of waste can result in the emission of potentially toxic compounds. Although the incineration plants must comply with strict conditions concerning emission control, public concern on the possible impact on human health and the environment still exists. Multiple year (2004–2013) biomonitoring programs were set up around three waste incinerators for early detection of possible effects of stack emissions on the quality of crops and agricultural products. The results showed that the emissions did not affect the quality of crops and cow milk. Concentrations of heavy metals, PAHs and dioxins/PCBs were generally similar to background levels and did not exceed standards for maximum allowable concentrations in foodstuffs (e.g. vegetables and cow milk). Some exceedances of the fluoride standard for cattle feed were found almost every year in the maximum deposition areas of two incinerators. Biomonitoring with leafy vegetables can be used to monitor the real impact of these emissions on agricultural crops and to communicate with all stakeholders.

AB - Since the mid-nineties new waste incineration plants have come into operation in the Netherlands. Burning of waste can result in the emission of potentially toxic compounds. Although the incineration plants must comply with strict conditions concerning emission control, public concern on the possible impact on human health and the environment still exists. Multiple year (2004–2013) biomonitoring programs were set up around three waste incinerators for early detection of possible effects of stack emissions on the quality of crops and agricultural products. The results showed that the emissions did not affect the quality of crops and cow milk. Concentrations of heavy metals, PAHs and dioxins/PCBs were generally similar to background levels and did not exceed standards for maximum allowable concentrations in foodstuffs (e.g. vegetables and cow milk). Some exceedances of the fluoride standard for cattle feed were found almost every year in the maximum deposition areas of two incinerators. Biomonitoring with leafy vegetables can be used to monitor the real impact of these emissions on agricultural crops and to communicate with all stakeholders.

KW - refuse incinerator

KW - heavy-metals

KW - dioxins

KW - health

KW - bioindicators

KW - cadmium

KW - lead

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.11.002

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.11.002

M3 - Article

VL - 122

SP - 45

EP - 51

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -