Loneliness literacy scale; development and evaluation of an early indicator for loneliness prevention

R. de Vlaming, A. Haveman-Nies, I. Bos-Oude Groeniger, E.J.C. Hooft Van Huysduynen, C.P.G.M. de Groot, P. van 't Veer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To develop and evaluate the Loneliness Literacy Scale for the assessment of short-term outcomes of a loneliness prevention programme among Dutch elderly persons. Scale development was based on evidence from literature and experiences from local stakeholders and representatives of the target group. The scale was pre-tested among 303 elderly persons aged 65 years and over. Principal component analysis and internal consistency analysis were used to affirm the scale structure, reduce the number of items and assess the reliability of the constructs. Linear regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between the literacy constructs and loneliness. The four constructs “motivation”, “self-efficacy”, “perceived social support” and “subjective norm” derived from principal component analysis captured 56 % of the original variance. Cronbach’s coefficient a was above 0.7 for each construct. The constructs “self-efficacy” and “perceived social support” were positively and “subjective norm” was negatively associated with loneliness. To our knowledge this is the first study developing a short-term indicator for loneliness prevention. The indicator contributes to the need of evaluating public health interventions more close to the intervention activities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-1001
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • social-isolation
  • older-people
  • health-promotion
  • public-health
  • interventions
  • adults

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