A combination of techniques was used to localise the O-acetyl substituents in xylo-oligosaccharides, which are present in hydrolysates of hydrothermally treated Eucalyptus wood. Reversed-phase (RP)-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled on-line to both a mass spectrometer and an evaporating light scattering (ELS) detector provided data about the order of elution of the various O-acetylated oligomers. The retention of the oligomers on the column depended on the number and position of the O-acetyl substituents within the xylo-oligosaccharides. One dimensional (1D)- and two dimensional (2D)-1H NMR spectroscopy was used to study the structural features of several xylotetramers separated by RP-HPLC, each having one O-acetyl substituent. O-Acetyl migration was proven to have occurred in these xylo-oligosaccharides. Mainly O-acetyl migration within the same xylosyl residue was observed. RP-HPLC–NMR was performed in order to study the structural features of the acetylated oligomers ‘on-line’ avoiding O-acetyl migration. Finally, the precise location of the 2-O- or 3-O-acetyl substituent in 6 xylotetramers and 4 xylotrimers separated by RP-HPLC was determined.
- anion-exchange chromatography
- mimosa-scabrella bracatinga
- acidic d-xylan
- h-1-nmr spectroscopy